BIOS 100 Lecture Notes - Lecture 7: Cytosol, Cellular Respiration, Glycolysis

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4 Nov 2016
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Glycolysis Worksheet
1. Explain why the phosphate end of ATP stores potential energy.
Each of the phosphate groups is negatively charged. These negative repel each other and so they would
have less energy if they were further apart.
2. Name three main kinds of cellular work that your cells perform.
Chemical work (such as building large molecules)
Mechanical work (such as moving a muscle protein)
Transport work (such as moving solutes across a membrane in active transport)
3. Which has more potential energy, ATP or ADP?
ATP has more potential energy than ADP since it has three negatively charged phosphates held together
vs only two in ADP.
4. Explain how respiration (breathing) is related to cellular respiration.
Cellular respiration occurs in each cell of our bodies in order to provide energy for cellular work. This
process takes in oxygen and releases carbon dioxide. Breathing is your body’s way to meet the need for
oxygen and rid itself of the carbon dioxide. Blood in your lungs picks up oxygen and releases carbon
dioxide. The blood can then deliver oxygen to all the body’s cells and pick up more carbon dioxide
wastes to carry back to the lungs.
5. Write the overall reaction for cellular respiration.
Glucose + 6 O2 6 CO2 + 6 H2O (+ energy in the form of ATP and heat)
6. What atom is known as an “electron grabber” because it attracts electrons so strongly?
oxygen
7. What is an electron transport chain?
An electron transport chain is a series of molecules that each accept an electron and then pass it to the
next molecule in the chain. Each molecule in the chain holds the electrons a little more tightly so that the
electron has less and less potential energy. A good analogy for an electron transport chain is a series of
steps that gradually allow electrons to “fall” to a lower energy level. At the bottom of the steps, oxygen
is waiting to accept the electrons and make water.
8. What atom accepts electrons at the end of the electron transport chain?
oxygen
9. What is the literal meaning of the word glycolysis?
“splitting of sugar”
10. Where in the cell do the glycolysis reactions take place? Glycolysis takes place in the cytosol (the liquid
part of the cytoplasm).
11. How many ATP are used (changed to ADP) in the first half of glycolysis? 2
12. How many ATP are made from ADP in the second half of glycolysis? 4
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Document Summary

Glycolysis worksheet: explain why the phosphate end of atp stores potential energy. Each of the phosphate groups is negatively charged. These negative repel each other and so they would have less energy if they were further apart: name three main kinds of cellular work that your cells perform. Chemical work (such as building large molecules) Mechanical work (such as moving a muscle protein) Atp has more potential energy than adp since it has three negatively charged phosphates held together vs only two in adp: explain how respiration (breathing) is related to cellular respiration. Cellular respiration occurs in each cell of our bodies in order to provide energy for cellular work. This process takes in oxygen and releases carbon dioxide. Breathing is your body"s way to meet the need for oxygen and rid itself of the carbon dioxide. Blood in your lungs picks up oxygen and releases carbon dioxide.

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