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Lecture 9

CLJ 101 Lecture 9: CLJ 101 Intro to Criminology Unit 9 Juvenile Justice
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2 Pages
91 Views
Fall 2017

Department
Criminology, Law, and Justice
Course Code
CLJ 101
Professor
Mc Carty Bill
Lecture
9

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CLJ 101 Intro to Criminology Unit 9 Juvenile Justice
Juvenile Life Without Parole Supreme Court Rulings
Miller v Alabama & Jackson v Hobbs(2012) each juvenile case should be
sentenced based on unique and individualized circumstances
o Juveniles sentenced to life w/o parole stats of homelife:
79% witness violence regularly at home
32% grew up in public housing
40% had been enrolled in special ed
<50% attended school at time of offense
47% were physically abused
80% of girls were physically abused
77% of girls were sexually abused
Montgomery v Louisiana (2016) the above case applies retro-actively
It is unconstitutional for a mandatory life sentence w/o parole for a juvenile
o Remedied not be resentencing but by a parole hearing for those who
were sentenced mandatorily
Roper v Simmons (2005) banned capital punishment for juveniles
Graham v Florida (2010) banned the use of life without parole for juveniles
not convicted of homicide
28/50 states changed legislation to mandatory minimum sentencing
30/50 states still have life w/o parole for juveniles
Pennsylvania, Michigan & Louisiana have about 2/3 of juveniles serving life
w/o parole sentences
~$34,000/yr to house the avg prisoner
o cost 2x for those over 50 yrs/old
62% of juvenile w/ life sentences were not allowed participation in prison
programs
THIS DOES NOT GUARANTEE THEY WILL BE RELEASED!
o It is merely that it is now a possibility to get out on parole, but not a
guarantee
o After at least 15 years served.
When Misbehaving is a Crime
Top 5 status Offenses: truancy, unruliness, running away, underage drinking,
curfew violations
1/5 of runaway cases involve abuse
1/11 kids who are sent to court for status offenses are processed through
juvenile court
1974 Juvenile Justice & Delinquency Prevention Act are federal guidelines
recognizing the harms of criminalizing and detaining children and calls for
community-based actions.
1980 Valid Court Order amendment to 1974 Act states children may be
detained for violating a judge’s court order
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Description
CLJ 101 Intro to Criminology Unit 9 Juvenile Justice Juvenile Life Without Parole Supreme Court Rulings Miller v Alabama & Jackson v Hobbs(2012) each juvenile case should be sentenced based on unique and individualized circumstances o Juveniles sentenced to life w/o parole stats of homelife: 79% witness violence regularly at home 32% grew up in public housing 40% had been enrolled in special ed <50% attended school at time of offense 47% were physically abused 80% of girls were physically abused 77% of girls were sexually abused Montgomery v Louisiana (2016) the above case applies retro-actively It is unconstitutional for a mandatory life sentence w/o parole for a juvenile o Remedied not be resentencing but by a parole hearing for those who were sentenced mandatorily Roper v Simmons (2005) banned capital punishment for juveniles Graham v Florida (2010) banned the use of life without parole for juveniles not convicted of homicide 28/50 states changed legislation to mandatory minimum sentencing 30/50 states still have life w/o parole for juveniles Pennsylvania, Michigan & Louisiana have about 2/3 of juveniles serving life w/o parole sentences ~$34,000/yr to house the avg prisoner o cost 2x for those over 50 yrs/old 62% of juvenile w/ life sentences were not allowed participation in prison programs THIS DOES NOT GUARANTEE THEY WILL BE RELEASED! o It is merely that it is now a possibility to get out on parole, but not a guarantee o After at least 15 years served. When Misbehaving is a Crime Top 5 status Offenses: truancy, unruliness, running away, underage drinking, curfew violations 1/5 of runaway cases involve abuse 1/11 kids who are sent to court for status offenses are processed through juvenile court 1974 Juvenile Justice & Delinquency Prevention Act are federal guidelines recognizing the harms of criminalizing and detaining children and calls for community-based actions. 1980 Valid Court Order amendment to 1974 Act states children may be detained for violating a judges court order 27/50 states used the VCO exception in 2011 removing 1000s of kids from
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