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Lecture 9

CLJ 101 Lecture Notes - Lecture 9: Mandatory Sentencing, Juvenile Court, TruancyPremium

2 pages103 viewsFall 2017

Criminology, Law, and Justice
Course Code
CLJ 101
Mc Carty Bill

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CLJ 101 Intro to Criminology Unit 9 Juvenile Justice
Juvenile Life Without Parole Supreme Court Rulings
Miller v Alabama & Jackson v Hobbs(2012) each juvenile case should be
sentenced based on unique and individualized circumstances
o Juveniles sentenced to life w/o parole stats of homelife:
79% witness violence regularly at home
32% grew up in public housing
40% had been enrolled in special ed
<50% attended school at time of offense
47% were physically abused
80% of girls were physically abused
77% of girls were sexually abused
Montgomery v Louisiana (2016) the above case applies retro-actively
It is unconstitutional for a mandatory life sentence w/o parole for a juvenile
o Remedied not be resentencing but by a parole hearing for those who
were sentenced mandatorily
Roper v Simmons (2005) banned capital punishment for juveniles
Graham v Florida (2010) banned the use of life without parole for juveniles
not convicted of homicide
28/50 states changed legislation to mandatory minimum sentencing
30/50 states still have life w/o parole for juveniles
Pennsylvania, Michigan & Louisiana have about 2/3 of juveniles serving life
w/o parole sentences
~$34,000/yr to house the avg prisoner
o cost 2x for those over 50 yrs/old
62% of juvenile w/ life sentences were not allowed participation in prison
o It is merely that it is now a possibility to get out on parole, but not a
o After at least 15 years served.
When Misbehaving is a Crime
Top 5 status Offenses: truancy, unruliness, running away, underage drinking,
curfew violations
1/5 of runaway cases involve abuse
1/11 kids who are sent to court for status offenses are processed through
juvenile court
1974 Juvenile Justice & Delinquency Prevention Act are federal guidelines
recognizing the harms of criminalizing and detaining children and calls for
community-based actions.
1980 Valid Court Order amendment to 1974 Act states children may be
detained for violating a judge’s court order
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