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Lecture 3

CLJ 101 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Chicago Police Department, Police Misconduct, Police CorruptionPremium

3 pages48 viewsFall 2017

Criminology, Law, and Justice
Course Code
CLJ 101
Mc Carty Bill

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CLJ 101 Intro to Criminology Unit: Police Controversies
Types of Law Enforcement Agencies
1) Federal (Secret Service deals with financial fraud; FBI deals with anti-terrorism)
2) State (state police deal with traffic & investigations)
3) County (Sheriff & Officers operate the jail, serve papers & do court security)
4) Municipal/local (everything you call “911” for; most police fall in this category
because theoretically the local police are more connected to the community and
can best serve the community’s needs)
Current Controversies in Policing
1) Officer-involved shootings
2) Lack of confidence in policing
***Many other controversies***
Controversies in Policing: Officer-involved Shootings
How many officer-involved shootings take place in the United States each year?
o 2013: 471
o 2014: 453
o 2015: 442
These are justifiable homicides by an officer in the line of duty
Data are severely limited; it’s not very good data
Officer-Involved Shootings: Data from the Washington Post
According to the 2016 data:
48% of those killed were white, 24% were African American, and 17% were
Adjusting for population, African Americans were 3x more likely to be killed
than Whites
5%of those killed were unarmed at the time of the shooting
34%of the unarmed people killed were African American males, although they
are 6%of the population
Roughly 25%of those killed were dealing with some sort of mental health issue
24%of the shootings were caught on some form of video, compared to 15%of the
shootings in 2015
Standard for Using Deadly Force
Use of Deadly Force- clarified by Tennessee v. Garner (1985)
Shift from…
a) Fleeing Felon Doctrine permits the use of force, including deadly force, against an
individual suspected of a felony and who is in clear flight
b) Clear & Present Danger Rule deadly force may be justifiable only if the officer or
general public is in immediate danger
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