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Lecture 10

CLJ 101 Lecture Notes - Straw Purchase, Brady Handgun Violence Prevention Act, National Firearms Act
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3 Pages
84 Views
Fall 2017

Department
Criminology, Law, and Justice
Course Code
CLJ 101
Professor
Mc Carty Bill
Lecture
10

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CLJ 101 Intro to Criminology Unit: Guns
In the United States
In the US, firearms were used in:
73% percent of the murders in 2016 (up trend)
40.8% percent of robberies in 2015
24.2% percent of aggravated assaults in 2015
*35% of households have guns
*gun-ownership is categorized by household, not individual
*the % is staying steady but the total of gun sales is going up (therefore gun-
ownership is concentrated in about 1/3 of households
In Illinois
Of the 941 homicides for which data were available in 2016:
799 (of 941) were committed with a firearm
Of those 799 homicides committed with firearm, 728 were committed with a
handgun
80% occurring in Chicago
*slight decrease in shootings in Illinois this year
*most shootings occur in the summer on weekends
Who is Most Affected by Gun Violence?
Individuals between the ages of 15 and 24 are most likely to be targeted by
gun violence as opposed to other forms of violence
Teens and young adults are more likely than persons of other ages to be
murdered with a gun
Most violent gun crime, especially homicide, occurs in cities and urban
communities
Chicago shooting victims
Major Federal Gun Control Laws
1) National Firearms Act of 1934
Tax & Required Registration (Al Capone: mobsters, short barrel shotguns & machine
guns)
Large taxes discouraged manufacturing & purchase of these weapons without
banning them
2) Gun Control Act of 1968
Commerce (MLK & JFK Assassinations) Limited by regulation who could buy & sell
weapons & how they were bought)
3) Brady Handgun Violence Prevention Act of 1993
Background Checks Required by licensed dealers
Gun-shole loophole; not EVERYONE needs a license to sell (neighbor, or someone
not selling enough weapons $ wise)
4) Assault Weapons Ban of 1994
Expired after 10 yrs.
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Description
CLJ 101 Intro to Criminology Unit: Guns In the United States In the US, firearms were used in: 73% percent of the murders in 2016 (up trend) 40.8% percent of robberies in 2015 24.2% percent of aggravated assaults in 2015 *35% of households have guns *gun-ownership is categorized by household, not individual *the % is staying steady but the total of gun sales is going up (therefore gun- ownership is concentrated in about 1/3 of households In Illinois Of the 941 homicides for which data were available in 2016: 799 (of 941) were committed with a firearm Of those 799 homicides committed with firearm, 728 were committed with a handgun 80% occurring in Chicago *slight decrease in shootings in Illinois this year *most shootings occur in the summer on weekends Who is Most Affected by Gun Violence? Individuals between the ages of 15 and 24 are most likely to be targeted by gun violence as opposed to other forms of violence Teens and young adults are more likely than persons of other ages to be murdered with a gun Most violent gun crime, especially homicide, occurs in cities and urban communities Chicago shooting victims Major Federal Gun Control Laws 1) National Firearms Act of 1934 Tax & Required Registration (Al Capone: mobsters, short barrel shotguns & machine guns) Large taxes discouraged manufacturing & purchase of these weapons without banning them 2) Gun Control Act of 1968 Commerce (MLK & JFK Assassinations) Limited by regulation who could buy & sell weapons & how they were bought) 3) Brady Handgun Violence Prevention Act of 1993 Background Checks Required by licensed dealers Gun-shole loophole; not EVERYONE needs a license to sell (neighbor, or someone not selling enough weapons $ wise) 4) Assault Weapons Ban of 1994 Expired after 10 yrs.
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