PSCH 100 Lecture Notes - Lecture 13: Prototype Theory, Classical Conditioning

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3 Nov 2016
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Exam 3 Review:
Chapter 7
1 Unconditioned stimuluselicts a reaction in an organism prior to any learning
2 Unconditioned responsea reaction to an unconditioned stimulus that occurs
automatically, prior to any learning
3 Conditioned stimulusan event that elicts a response from an organism only after the
organism learns to associate it with another stimulus that already evokes a response
4 Conditioned responsea response to a conditioned stimulus that occurs as a result of
learning through classical conditioning (i.e. pairing a neutral stimulus with an
unconditioned stimulus until the neutral stimulus becomes the conditioned stimulus,
which elicts the conditioned response)
UCS-> UCR
Dog on TV-> Barking
UCS + Neutral (later to be CS) -> UCR
--Dog on TVDoorbell->Barking
CS CR
--Doorbell Barking
What is the difference between operant and classical conditioning
Reinforcement: Positivegiving something you like. Negativetaking away something you
do’t like
Punishment. Positive—giig soethig you do’t like. Negativetaking away something you
like.
Reinfocementgoal is to increase certain behavior.
Punishmentgoal is to decrease certain behavior
Positive: Getting something
Negative: involves taking something away
Chapter 8
How are category levels used
--Higher and lower level categories diferneitate between more broad cateogires andspecific.
Higher are umbrella terms and are bigger categories. Lower level categories are really specific
onesgolden retriever vs dalmation, for example.
--middle level: basic level categories.
-Category Structure
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Document Summary

1 unconditioned stimulus elicts a reaction in an organism prior to any learning. 2 unconditioned response a reaction to an unconditioned stimulus that occurs automatically, prior to any learning. 3 conditioned stimulus an event that elicts a response from an organism only after the organism learns to associate it with another stimulus that already evokes a response. Ucs + neutral (later to be cs) -> ucr. What is the difference between operant and classical conditioning. -higher and lower level categories diferneitate between more broad cateogires andspecific. Higher are umbrella terms and are bigger categories. Lower level categories are really specific ones golden retriever vs dalmation, for example. Category structure fuzzy categories ambiguous cateogires, no clear cut distinction on if something belongs to a category. Involves family resemblance to be part of family. Also education(?). also prototypes what we think on category, no clear cut rule. Adhot categories items that can be grouped together bc of some common goal or purpose.

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