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Lecture 18

CLCIV 101 Lecture 18: Lecture 18

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Department
Classical Civilization
Course Code
CLCIV 101
Professor
Richard Janko

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Lecture 18 1. Ionian Religious reformers a. Pythagoras of Samos 560-500 BCE a.i. Reincarnation a.ii. Vegetarianism b. Xenophanes of Colophon 565-475 b.i. Critique of Homer and Hesiod b.ii. Critique of anthropomorphism b.iii. “Gods would not harm each other” b.iv. “There is one god, greatest among gods and men” b.iv.1. Similar to mortals neither in body nor mind 2. Euripides 485-406 a. Wrote Medea, Bacchae b. Hardly ever won first prize c. Vastly popular after his death d. Plays that ask uncomfortable questions e. Reversal of audience’s sympathy e.i. Medea: a woman kills her children to spite her unfaithful husband e.ii. Heracles: returns from fighting abroad, saves wife and children, then goes berserk and kills them e.iii. Orestes: takes hostages and threatens to kill them if his demands are not f. Regarded as eccentric and a loner g. Cave on the island of Salamis where cup with his name is found h. Moves to court of Archelaus of Macedon 3. Sophocles 496-406 a. Priest of healing god Asclepius b. Priests and oracles are always right in his plays 4. Euripides’ Bacchae a. The stranger’s prolog a.i. Facts we would not otherwise know a.ii. The god comes from Lydia to Thebes a.iii. Dionysus son of Zeus and Semele (Cadmus’ daughter), born from Zeus’ thigh a.iv. Cadmus’ grandson Pentheus now rules a.v. Cadmus’ daughters deny Dionysus” parentage a.vi. Dionysus’ revenge: driving the women of Thebes to worship him on Mount Cithaeron a.vii. The parodos (“entry”) of the chorus of Bacchae (worshippers of Bac
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