CLCIV 101 Lecture 17: Lecture 17

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Department
Classical Civilization
Course Code
CLCIV 101
Professor
Richard Janko

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Lecture 17
1. Only barbarians wear trousers
a. Citizens wear chitons
i. Women’s chitons go down to ankles
2. Gynaikeion (women’s quarters) vs. Andron (men’s quarters)
3. No large industries
a. All artisans in workshops
b. Largest known enterprise
i. Shield factory of 120 slaves
c. No organized labor
d. No organized capital
e. Large public sector
f. Interest rate 10%
g. Shipping loans 30%
4. Exports vs Imports
a. Exports: Olive oil, wine, pottery, finished goods, coined silver
b. Imports: Wheat, timber, bronze, iron, slaves, perfumes, papyrus for writing
5. The Athenian Workforce
a. Citizens
b. Resident aliens (metoikoi)
c. Slaves (wages belong to “owner”)
d. Ratio 1:1:3?
6. Resident aliens (metoikoi)
a. Pay special tax
b. Serve in Athenian armed forces
c. Could not become citizens
d. Could not buy real estate
e. Needed citizen sponsor
f. Could be enslaved for not paying tax
g. Yet the kept moving to Athens
7. Slaves
a. Some Greeks
b. Most from other countries (Thrace, Phrygia)
c. No legal rights
d. Evidence only valid in law if extracted by torture
e. Bought as an investment
i. Wages go to owner
f. Worst conditions: silver mines at Laurium
8. Athens
a. Population 100,000?
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Lecture 17 1. Only barbarians wear trousers a. Citizens wear chitons a.i. Women’s chitons go down to ankles 2. Gynaikeion (women’s quarters) vs. Andron (men’s quarters) 3. No large industries a. All artisans in workshops b. Largest known enterprise b.i. Shield factory of 120 slaves c. No organized labor d. No organized capital e. Large public sector f. Interest rate 10% g. Shipping loans 30% 4. Exports vs Imports a. Exports: Olive oil, wine, pottery, finished goods, coined silver b. Imports: Wheat, timber, bronze, iron, slaves, perfumes, papyrus for writing 5. The Athenian Workforce a. Citizens b. Resident aliens (metoikoi) c. Slaves (wages belong to “owner”) d. Ratio 1:1:3? 6. Resident aliens (metoikoi) a. Pay special tax b. Serve in Athenian armed forces c. Could not become citizens d. Could not buy real estate e. Needed citizen sponsor f. Could be enslaved for not paying tax g. Yet the kept moving to Athens 7. Slaves a. Some Greeks b. Most from other countries (Thrace, Phrygia) c. No legal rights d. Evidence only valid in law if extracted by torture e. Bought as an investment e.i. Wages go to owner f. Worst conditions: silver mines at Laurium 8. Athens a. Population 100,000? b. Male citizens: 15,000-20,000 b.i. Equal shares in political life b.ii. Democracy as a threat to privilege elsewhere 9. Athenian Democracy a. Direct democracy, not indirect b. No political parties c. Lottery for election to office d. Strict term limit: one year e. Reelection only once f. Strict accountability to Council after service g. Modest pay for holding office 10. Athenian revenues: a. Allies’ tribute-payments b. Silver mines c. Customs dues on imports d. Harbor fees e. No sales tax f. No income tax g. Wealth tax on the rich (the “liturgy”) 11. The Liturgy a. Literally “service b. You pay for a trireme (warship) b.i. Or a fest
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