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Lecture 29

HISTART 101 Lecture Notes - Lecture 29: Giovanni Arnolfini, Mirror Image, Museo Del Prado

History of Art
Course Code
Celeste Brusati

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Imag(in)ing the King
-Schism in the Catholic Church sparked bloody conflict in Europe and long religious wars
-Political Situation of Europe in 1648
-1600 - Spanish Possessions in Red
-Portuguese in Blue
-Diego Velazquez, King Philip IV (c. 1656) and Queen Marianna of Austria (c 1653)
-Diego Velazquez - (The Ladies in Waiting) - 1656
-Madrid, Prado Museum
-Ladies in Waiting
-Remainders of Royal Collections go to national museums
-The art has pilgrimages
-Some Kings (and a Queen) we have seen…
-Adoration of the Magi - 1488
-Altarpiece for the Hospital of the Innocents Florence, Italy
-“A fifteenth-century painting is the deposit of a social relationship.”
-Michael Baxandall
-The artist looks out to address you through the painting
-Las Meninas
-Velazquez is a court artist, based on court appointment, which means they a part
of the royal family
-He has a forthright look
-Velazquez took advantage of the market/business & court to make money off of
selling his paintings
-Bitchitr, Jahangir Seated on an Hourglass Throne
-Opaque watercolor, ink and gold on paper
-Jahangir offers a book to Shaikh Hussain of the Chishti Shrine, a spiritual descendant of
Shaikh Salim to whom Jahangir;s father, Akhar had gone prayerfully (and successfully)
in the hope of an heir. The boon was granted, and at birth the prince, later Jahangir, was
named Salim in gratitude to the sant
-“Though outwardly shahs stand before him, he fixes his gazes on dervishes.”
-The messages are woven into the image
-On the throne is inscribed the wish that Jahangir live for a thousand years, but the sand of
time are running out.
-King James I is drawn within the piece
-Diego Velazquez, Surrender of Breda
-Detail showing the Dutch commander, Justin of Nassau surrendering the keys of the city
to General Ambrogio Spinola, the Genoese commander of the Spanish army who left the
siege of the city
-This was one of the first military and conquer photo opportunity - not new things
-Not based on facts, but an imagined play right (the conquer was much
more violent than depicted)
-Modern day - pretense/civility: presidents shaking hands
-Philip IV on Horseback
-Alludes to the 1548 portrait of his grandfather, Emperor Charles V, by Titian
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