HISTORY 224 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Homi J. Bhabha, Homi Sethna, Meghnad Saha

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1947 independence in india; departure of british; partition of subcontinent into india and. Pakistan: kashmir created as shared area; conflict over who owns it since start of partition. Nationalism, modernity, and the postcolonial state: long tradition of education in india. Strong scientific infrastructure on the subcontinent (specifically indian side) Indians get educated in british system: two versians of science among anti-colonial nationalist elites. Belief that hindu was based on science; recovering lost hindu civilization meant scientific innovation. Nehruvian modernism (1st prime minister jawaharlal nehru) Science linked to national security in all its forms; leaads to conditions ripe for atomic energy: nehruvian modernist form wins; postcolonial modernity as result of nehru leadership. Nuclear energy is a key part of india vision: homi jehangir bhabha (1909-1966) From a wealthy family, got a phd in physics from cambridge. Early atomic activity: india would distinguish itself by peaceful use: 1948: indian atomic energy commission (bhabha is chairman)

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