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Class Notes for Near East Studies at University of Michigan - Ann Arbor

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NEAREAST 207 Lecture Notes - Lecture 26: Temple Mount, Foundation Stone, Church Of The Holy Sepulchre
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○ The Night Journey ■ There are 114 chapters (Surahs) in the Quran ■ Surah Al-Isra (Surah 17) ● Tells the journey that Mohammad took from Mecca to the “Edge” ...

Near East Studies
NEAREAST 207
Yaron Eliav
NEAREAST 207 Lecture 28: Crusades 2
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● Noble Crusade ○ More trained knights and soldiers (30,000+ soldiers) ○ Took ships straight to Constantinople, popular crusade is gone by now ○ Launch successful attacks in Asia Minor th...

Near East Studies
NEAREAST 207
Yaron Eliav
NEAREAST 207 Lecture Notes - Lecture 31: Temple Mount
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Why was there a decline in the centrality of Filastin ● The discovery of the Americas ○ Made people focus on the West ○ The axis of Europe to the Americas, Middle East left behind ● Vasco de...

Near East Studies
NEAREAST 207
Yaron Eliav
NEAREAST 207 Lecture Notes - Lecture 33: Hashemites, Arab Higher Committee, History Of Egypt Under The British
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● Balfour Declaration ○ Declaration by the government of England (Lord Balfour) during WWI ○ The British recognized the right of the Jews to establish a free and independent country in ...

Near East Studies
NEAREAST 207
Yaron Eliav
NEAREAST 207 Lecture 29: Crusades 3
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Fall of the Crusaders ● Saladin (1138-1193) ○ A Kurd (Sunni) from Northern Iraq (not conquered by the Crusades) ○ From the Kurdish tribe the Ayubians ○ Educated as a warrior, smart, ...

Near East Studies
NEAREAST 207
Yaron Eliav
NEAREAST 207 Lecture 24: Early Islamic Period 1
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Islam ● Arabia populated by nomadic tribes, moved around ○ Used commerce ■ West wanted spices and fabric from the Far East ■ Red Sea hard to sail up to the Mediterranean ...

Near East Studies
NEAREAST 207
Yaron Eliav
NEAREAST 207 Lecture Notes - Lecture 25: Dhimmi, Umayyad Caliphate, Temple Mount
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○ 636: Battle of Yarmuk: in the Golan Heights ■ 7 day battle ■ Byzantines (100,000 soldiers) against Arabs (30,000 soldiers) ■ Arabs were well trained and motivated ...

Near East Studies
NEAREAST 207
Yaron Eliav
NEAREAST 207 Lecture Notes - Lecture 27: Pope Urban Ii, Feudalism, Church Of The Holy Sepulchre
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European Crusade History ● Regional Control ○ Central and Southern Europe was primarily controlled by Barbarian Tribes ■ Had converted to Christianity ■ Tribes created a p...

Near East Studies
NEAREAST 207
Yaron Eliav
NEAREAST 207 Lecture Notes - Lecture 30: Baibars, Jewish Diaspora, Via Maris
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The Mamluks (1260/1290-1516) ● Central Asian slaves, very tough ● Islamic rulers kidnapped boys from Central Asia because of their physical strength ○ Trained them as warriors, converted them to Islam ...

Near East Studies
NEAREAST 207
Yaron Eliav
NEAREAST 207 Lecture Notes - Lecture 35: Southern Lebanon, East Jerusalem, Six-Day War
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● Rhodes Armistice Line (1949) ○ Territorial Aspect ■ Israel demanded the UN recognize the situation at the end of the war ● Israel had gained much more territory ...

Near East Studies
NEAREAST 207
Yaron Eliav
NEAREAST 207 Lecture Notes - Lecture 32: Zionism
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British Arrival ● Lack of Modernity before the British ○ The Middle East contained almost no modern elements before WWI ○ Exception was an Ottoman railroad from Istanbul to Cairo ● British...

Near East Studies
NEAREAST 207
Yaron Eliav
NEAREAST 207 Lecture Notes - Lecture 34: David Ben-Gurion
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Demographic Revolutions ● Population ○ In 1861, a census recorded 400,000 people in Palestine ■ There were 20,000 Jews (5% of the population) ○ In 1917, there were 650,000 peo...

Near East Studies
NEAREAST 207
Yaron Eliav
NEAREAST 207 Lecture Notes - Lecture 36: Yasser Arafat, Camp David Accords, Menachem Begin
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● Yom Kippur War (October War) (1973) ○ Arabs launched a surprise attack on a holiday when the Jews were unprepared ○ Started very well for Arabs ○ Israel eventually conquered back their...

Near East Studies
NEAREAST 207
Yaron Eliav
NEAREAST 207 Lecture 1: Israel and Palestine Through the Ages (All lectures)

Austyn Marks Israel and Palestine Through the Ages Date: September 21, 2015 The Current Situation in Israel and Palestine 1. History, It’s Meaning and Study ● It’s impo...

Near East Studies
NEAREAST 207
Yaron Eliav
NEAREAST 240 Lecture Notes - Lecture 7: Sons Of God, God, Ancient Egyptian Deities

What is Religion? Characteristics of religion in Ancient Egypt: Divine beings, gods, deities, etc. Representable with recognizable features Worship Offerings (food, drink, clothing, etc.) PrayerPraise talking or communicat...

Near East Studies
NEAREAST 240
Terry Wilfong

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