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Lecture 1

PSYCH 111 Lecture 1: Evolution of Psychology

3 pages39 viewsWinter 2019

Course Code
Shelly Schreier

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Lecture 1:
Psychology- scientific investigation of mental processes and behavior
What we think and what we do not always consistent
Reflects influences of:
o Biological processes
o Individual differences
o Time and culture
Have critical eye to influencing factors that change outcomes
Goals of Psychology
o Describe how people/animals behave
o Understand/explain causes of behavior
o Predict behaviors/reactions across situations
o Control behavior through understanding causes/consequences
Wilhelm Wundt established first psychological lab in Leipzig (1879)
o Analyzed consciousness persons subjective experience of world/mind
o Structuralism relationship between basic elements constituting the mind
(conscious experience of sensations/feelings relying on introspection)
William James built on principles of introspection (study of conscious experiences) -
focused on WHY
o Functionalism: study of function/purpose conscious mental processes serve in
enabling adaptation to environment
Psychoanalytic perspective
o Influence of Freud
o Identified UNCONSCIOUS forces determining thoughts, feelings, behavior
o Personality dependent on early life experiences
o Focus on sexual/aggressive impulses
Conscious Mind acknowledged thoughts, memories, emotions
Unconscious Mind repressed thoughts, memories, emotions
“Freudian Slip” - elements of unconscious processing according to perspective
Perspectives in Psychology:
Humanistic Perspective
o Rejected psychoanalytic perspective as too pessimistic
o Stresses positive potential of humans
o Believes in free will
o Posits an inherent drive to develop/reach full potential
Behaviorist Perspective
o Focus on observable behavioral responses
o Emphasizes environmental impact on persons actions
o Classical conditioning (Pavlov, Watson)
Associative learning pairing stimuli/response
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