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Class Notes for Biology at University of Massachusetts Amherst

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BIOLOGY 105 Lecture Notes - Lecture 13: Tiktaalik, Selective Breeding, Natural Selection

What is evolution? Understanding where species come from o Originally thought to be crafted by a god Charles Darwin o In his 20s when he came up with an answer to where species come from o Trained to become in clergy to be...

Biology
BIOLOGY 105
Peg Riley
BIOLOGY 105 Lecture Notes - Lecture 12: Delta Smelt, Keystone Species, Triage

Approaches to Conservation Reduce resource use o Total vs. per capita Local protections--> triage o Ecosystems Tropical regions are highly concentrated in species--> quanity of protected species o Individual species Keysto...

Biology
BIOLOGY 105
Peg Riley
BIOLOGY 105 Lecture Notes - Lecture 11: Exponential Growth, Australopithecus, Carrying Capacity

7.6 billion people on the earth People have been around for 3 to .25 million years o Incredible recent o Fossils of early human Australopithecus--> first sign of hominid life Population growth has abundantextremely recent ...

Biology
BIOLOGY 105
Peg Riley
BIOLOGY 105 Lecture Notes - Lecture 9: Antimicrobial Resistance, Antibiotics, Massive Resistance

Antibiotic Impact and Use on Farm Bacteria is killing oranges in FloridaTexas--> expecting to go extinct in 3 years o Citrus Greening o Vectors deliver bacteria into trees--> bacteria is living in vectors gut Alexander Fle...

Biology
BIOLOGY 105
Peg Riley
BIOLOGY 105 Lecture Notes - Lecture 7: Microbiota, Angiogenesis, Antibiotics

Microbiomes Inherit microbiomes from others Babies from C-Sections have less array of bacteria Microbes from the same regions have similar microbes o Different areas = different bacteria (even for an individual) Gut Bacter...

Biology
BIOLOGY 105
Peg Riley
BIOLOGY 105 Lecture Notes - Lecture 8: Foreign Body, Antigen, Cell Nucleus

What is a virus? Latin word for poison or slimy liquid Life is: o Genetic Material o Reproduction o GrowthDevelopment o Homeostasis o Metabolism o Cellular structure o Respond to environment o Evolve Viruses are not alive ...

Biology
BIOLOGY 105
Peg Riley
BIOLOGY 105 Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: Alive Ii, Rna World, Stromatolite

What are microbes? Organisms visible under a microscope Viruses, Bacteria, Archaea, Fungi, Protista They are NOT: o Plants o Animals o Large Fungi Everything else alive is microbe Tree of Life Based upon comparing 7 genes ...

Biology
BIOLOGY 105
Peg Riley
BIOLOGY 105 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Atrial Fibrillation, Hypertension, Blood Vessel

Stroke Loss of brain function due to disruption of blood supply in the brain Believed to first be struck down from God Anyone can get a stroke o 25 under the age of 65 o Risks 2x every decade after 55 45th leading cause of...

Biology
BIOLOGY 105
Peg Riley
BIOLOGY 105 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Spina Bifida, Central Nervous System, Vertebral Column

Central Nervous System Nervous system = transmits signals between different parts of the body CNS= brain and spinal cord PNS = nerves outside brain and spinal cord Spinal Cord o Carries messages between brain and body o Re...

Biology
BIOLOGY 105
Peg Riley
BIOLOGY 105 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Bennet Omalu, Frontal Lobe, Encephalopathy

Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy First diagnosed in 1920s in boxing 2002: Revived in football by Bennet Omalu Thought to occur with repeated head and sub-concussive trauma o Boxing o Football o Military o Rugby o MMA Hits ...

Biology
BIOLOGY 105
Peg Riley
BIOLOGY 105 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Traumatic Brain Injury, Cerebrospinal Fluid

The Brain Incredibly complex--> seat of intelligence Formhold memories Interpret senses Directs movement Contains 100 billion neuron 100 trillion connections Textureconsistency of jello Protection from injury o Bones (Skul...

Biology
BIOLOGY 105
Peg Riley
BIOLOGY 105 Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: Alois Alzheimer, Dementia, Amyloid Beta

Alzheimers 1906: First diagnosed by Dr. Alois Alzheimer Used tissue stains of brain--> noticed changes of brain from women who died of mental illness o Symptoms included memory loss, language problems, and unpredictable be...

Biology
BIOLOGY 105
Peg Riley
BIOLOGY 105 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Abusive Head Trauma, Retinal Haemorrhage, Vomiting

Shaken Baby Syndrome 1971: Cluster of symptom found in infants Dr. Norman Guthkelch published paper: Infantile Subdural Injuries Triad of Shaken Baby: o Unexplained bleeding on brain o Unexplained brain swelling o Unexplai...

Biology
BIOLOGY 105
Peg Riley
BIOLOGY 151 Lecture Notes - Lecture 40: Pyruvate Decarboxylase, Pyruvate Dehydrogenase, Atp Synthase
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1pm Friday is exam in Mahar - ADP is a requires substrate for ATP synthase - ATP is converted to ADP in many cellular functions - ATP synthase converts ADP - ATP synthase - Rotation...

Biology
BIOLOGY 151
Randall Phillis
BIOLOGY 151 Lecture Notes - Lecture 39: London Dispersion Force, Phosphocholine, Lipid Bilayer
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- Fatty acids can be saturated or unsaturated - Connected to glycerol - Fat-triglycerides - Phospholipids - 2 fatty acid side chains - 1 polar phosphate-containg groip ...

Biology
BIOLOGY 151
Randall Phillis
Permachart - Marketing Reference Guide: Extensor Carpi Ulnaris Muscle, Flexor Pollicis Longus Muscle, Abductor Digiti Minimi Muscle Of Hand

perm ach artsMT T rigger Points II: Extremities T rigger Points II: Extremities ...

ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
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ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
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Permachart - Marketing Reference Guide: Sacral Plexus, Lumbar Plexus, Sympathetic Ganglion

pe rm a ch ar ts MT Spinal Cord 2nd EDITION Figure ...

ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
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Multicellular Biology - Reference Guides

This Guide is the progressive companion to the Cellular Biology title. The complexities of human physiology are made much clearer through the bright graphics and intelligently coordinated text boxes and glossaries that are...

ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
Permachart - Marketing Reference Guide: Levator Veli Palatini, Orbicularis Oculi Muscle, Scalene Muscles

Muscular System: pe rm ac ha rts MT Head & Torso 2nd EDITION ...

ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
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ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
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ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
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Permachart - Marketing Reference Guide: Heart Valve, Inferior Vena Cava, Pulmonary Valve

permacharts TM Cardiovascular Physiology 2nd EDITION HEART STRUCTURE & FUNCTION ...

ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
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ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
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Permachart - Marketing Reference Guide: Meiosis, Nuclear Membrane, Nuclear Pore

l e a r n • r e f e r e n c e • r e v i e w permacharts TM CCellular Biology BIOLOGY BASICS C...

ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
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Cellular Respiration - Reference Guides

The specific aspects of cellular respiration are explained in this helpful Guide. The fundamental processes such as the electron transport chain, proton pumps, ATP synthetase, and glycolysis are each described with helpful...

ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
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Permachart - Marketing Reference Guide: Submandibular Duct, Parotid Duct, Palatine Tonsil

pe rm a ch a rtsMT DDigestive System 2nd EDITION Fi...

ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
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Permachart - Marketing Reference Guide: Antigen-Presenting Cell, Memory T Cell, Clonal Deletion

permacharts TM IImmunology 2nd EDITION G ENERAL INFORMATION - AN OVERVIEW ...

ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
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Permachart - Marketing Reference Guide: Superior Frontal Sulcus, Inferior Parietal Lobule, Superior Frontal Gyrus

p erm ac hartsMT Brain 2nd EDITION FIGURE 1: GROSS ANATOMY (LATERAL VIEW) ...

ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 173
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Permachart - Marketing Reference Guide: Superficial Palmar Arch, Costocervical Trunk, Thyrocervical Trunk

p erm a ch ar tsMT CCirculatory System 2nd EDITION Figure...

Biology
BI 361
All Professors

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