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Class Notes for History at University of Massachusetts Amherst

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HISTORY 130 Lecture Notes - Lecture 13: Shia Islam, Hashish, Abbasid Caliphate
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New version of Shiite Islam They grow out of the Fatimid Ismaili state But branch off from the Fatimids Caliphal weakness In Cairo, Al Hakims heirs are weak So, generals take over (military men) Fatimid caliphs become figu...

History
HISTORY 130
Anne Broadbridge
HISTORY 130 Lecture Notes - Lecture 12: Samanid Empire, Shahnameh, Abbasid Caliphate
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Persian literary culture Arabic as a language, Islam as a religion Later: Greek and Indian sciences arrive, but only in translation What did this mean for people in Iran? After Arab Muslim conquests Iranians lived under Ar...

History
HISTORY 130
Anne Broadbridge
HISTORY 130 Lecture Notes - Lecture 11: Al-Farabi, Dervish
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Philosophy vs. religion Al-Kindi: Islam and philosophy both good paths to God Al-Razzi: Philosophy was the only way to God Al-Farabi: Religion is for dumb people, philosophy was for the smart ones Tension existed between r...

History
HISTORY 130
Anne Broadbridge
HISTORY 130 Lecture Notes - Lecture 10: Umayyad Mosque, Jama Masjid
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Architecture Umayyad Mosque Abbasids Rulers built public structures Buildings did several things Provided Muslims with places that helped them live their lives Allowed Abbasids to demonstrate control of resources Tax money...

History
HISTORY 130
Anne Broadbridge
HISTORY 130 Lecture Notes - Lecture 9: Abbasid Caliphate, Ghazal, Khawarij
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Litterateurs Actual artists Anyone who wanted to be fashionable (bureaucrats, landowners, merchants) Cared about learning, art, finer things Should be elegant, clever, well educated in religion, sciences,...

History
HISTORY 130
Anne Broadbridge
HISTORY 130 Lecture 8: Philosphy and Science
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Theology (Contd) Theory of Acquisition Al-Ashair (d. 935) Pro-free will, then turned against it Argument: God creates all actions God creates good and evil for us to choose We have a moral free moral choice and are respons...

History
HISTORY 130
Anne Broadbridge
HISTORY 130 Lecture Notes - Lecture 7: Khawarij, Predestination
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Hasans Letter A historical source Hasan of Basra: early Muslims Southern Iraq (Basra) Famous for piety D. 728: Lived under Umayyads Emergence of A small vocal minority Kharijites (those who ...

History
HISTORY 130
Anne Broadbridge
HISTORY 130 Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: Aga Khan Iv, Ali Khamenei, Ijtihad
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Shariah: Islamic Law The right pathright guidance Body of law Guide to Muslim behavior Covers 2 sets of relationships Between creator and humans Among humans Five sources of law (Sunnis) Quran Sunna (as found in the Hadith...

History
HISTORY 130
Anne Broadbridge
HISTORY 130 Lecture Notes - Fall 2018 Lecture 5 - Quraysh, Muawiyah I, Nepotism
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What are the four different ways each caliph comes to power? 1. Abu Bakr a. Selected by community leadership because he had led prayers therefore prayer leader is important b. Confirmed...

History
HISTORY 130
Anne Broadbridge
HISTORY 130 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Hajj, Jannah, Zakat
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What are the Five Doctrines? 1. Faith a. Faith in the oneness of Allah (God) 2. Belief in angels a. Most angels work as messengers and helpers of God except for one, Satan. These angels have no sex and are made out of ligh...

History
HISTORY 130
Anne Broadbridge
HISTORY 130 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Medes, Monophysitism, Quraysh
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Religious makeup of the Peninsula In cities and oases: Jews Monophysite Xians Otherwise: Pagans/polytheists Fatalists Hanifs (monotheists but dont have scripture, they just believe theres one ...

History
HISTORY 130
Anne Broadbridge
HISTORY 130 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Basseri, Kaaba, Quraysh
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What are the kinds of relationships between settled people and nomads? Protection Settled population pays Tribalnomadic receives Cooperation Grazing on harvested fields Fertilizer Conflict? Cropsproperty damage, grazing c...

History
HISTORY 130
Anne Broadbridge
HISTORY 130 Lecture 1: Linguistic and human geography of the Middle East
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Arabic names: How do they work? Third: Personal names AliMajda First: Additional names (parental names when married and have children) AbuUmm Fourth: Offspring name (tells you who their parents are) ibnbint Second: Religio...

History
HISTORY 130
Anne Broadbridge
HISTORY 131 Lecture Notes - Lecture 15: Upland South, Northwest Ordinance, Impressment

African American History Lecture  10/03  Founding Fathers were very much aware of what they were doing  African Americans in the American Revolution th  ...

History
HISTORY 131
Donald Geesling
HISTORY 131 Lecture Notes - Lecture 23: Fugitive Slave Laws, Fugitive Slaves In The United States, Pickaxe

African American History Lecture 11/28/16 African American Resistance Against Slavery Fight against Tyranny, fight for human dignity Class warfare, war against excessive exploitation on laboring classes by th...

History
HISTORY 131
Donald Geesling

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