October 29, 2013
Lecture Notes - Cohen
Is it wrong to farm: Dogs SRHAs Difference?
Sumner Yes Yes No
Marquis Maybe Maybe No
Tooley Maybe Maybe No
Utilitarian (Singer) Yes Yes No
Contractualism (Rawls) No No No
Cohen ≈ It is inherently bad to harm/kill something if and only if it
belongs to a kind whose typical member is rational.
Kill dog? (Kind = dog) Okay to kill
Kill SRHA? (Kind = human) Not okay to kill
Worry 1. What are the right “kinds”?
EX: Kill you? (Kind: mammal) Okay
EX: Kill baby? (Kind: human baby) Okay
Worry 2. Doesn’t seem like what’s “typical of a kind” is morally relevant
EX: Fido the Genius Dog – Kill Fido? (Kind: dog) Okay
EX: Pluto People Pasture – Kill you? (Kind: human) Okay
It’s inherently bad to harm/kill something if and only if it has a soul.