Factivism (cognitivism): Moral claims are true or false
i.e. How tall is Mt. Everest?
NonFactivism (Noncognitivism): Moral Claims aren't true or false
What's the way to the library? True? False?
Questions aren't true or false they are requests for info.
Shout! True? False?
They are injunctions
Go Team! True? False?
Not a claim of how things are
• Moral Claims are nonFactive not how things are
Emotivism, Take I (Cheering/Booing):
"You should do 'x'" means "Yayy doing X!"
"You shouldn't do X" means :Boo doing X"
Ex) "Homosexuality is immoral."
Not necessarily true
Ex) "You should tell her the truth."
"Yay telling the truth!"
"You should stop thinking bad things about your roommate and say five Hail Mary's"
Priest is cheering you on for a proper course of action
Plausibly telling you what to do Command
Take I: :(
Emotivism, Take II (Commands)
"You should do X" "Do X!" "You shouldn't do X" "Don't do X!"
Ex) Homosexuality is Immoral
Don't be homosexual
Ex) You should tell her the truth
Tell her the truth
Ex) "You should stop thinking bad things about your roommate and say five Hail Mary's"
Stop thinking bad things and say five Hail Mary's
Take II: :)
"Susie should not have been flirting with my boyfriend."
Susie, Don't flirt with my boyfriend. Doesn't make sense she is not there to command,
wouldn't even say something like that
Take II: :(
Cheering/booing works here You are expressing your disapproval
Take I: :)
Moral claims can take two roles. Doesn't just have to be on