Cultural Relativism, Moral Nihilism, Emotivism, Divine Command Theory, Utilitarianism, Khantianism, and Rawlsian Contractualism Review

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Department
Philosophy
Course
PHIL 160
Professor
Christopher Meacham
Semester
Fall

Description
ArgumentsSeriesofpremisesfollowedbyaconclusionValidifpremisesaretruethentheconclusionhastobetrueSoundValidargumentPremisesmustbetrueCanpremisesbesoundorvalidNoCulturalRelativismYoushoulddoXrelativetosocietyYifWorrywithmoralinfallibilitySocietiesareneverwrongexNazisWorrywithmoralprogressImpossibletoimprovebecausewhatthesocietyapprovesofisalreadyright1SocietieschangewithtimeWorrywithmoraldisagreement1Nosuchthingwithmoraldisagreementifyouareaculturalrelativist1relativetoyourcultureweshouldburnthedead2relativetothiscultureweshouldeatthedead3NaziweshouldcommitgenocideOhifyoureaNaziyoushouldcommitgenocideEmotivismOnlynonfactivistviewthatwetalkedaboutMoralclaimsareneithertruenorfalse1YoushoulddoX1YayXorDoXorboth2YoushouldnotdoX1BooXorDontdoXWorryforemotivism1IknowthisiswrongbutiffeelssorightIjustdontcare1Sheknowssomethingiswrong1Boodontthisordontdothis1Shesnotactuallysayingthisbecauseshelikesitandsayskeepsgoing1NowaytointerpretwhatshesaysaccordingtoemotivismMoralNihilismAnymoralclaimisfalseTheObservationPrinciple1Onlybelieveinthingsthatoccurinfundamentalphysicsorthingsthatcanbebestcharacterizedinthebestoveralltheory2Infundamentalphysicsyoucantcharacterizemoraltruthmakers1WeshouldntbelieveinthemRejecttheObservationargumentobjectionstoPremise11RejectmathSelfundermining1Theobservationprinciplegivesyousomethingthatyoushoulddo1Shouldclaimrequiresanepistemictruthmakerthatmakesitthecase
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