Cohen’s Argument, The Cartesian Soul, and the Hylomorphic
Animals vs SRHAs
Is it wrong to farm: Dogs SRHAs Moral Difference?
Sumner Yes Yes No
Marquis Maybe Maybe No
Tooley Maybe Maybe No
Utilitarian (Singer) Yes Yes No
Contractualism No No No
Cohen: It's inherently bad to harm/kill something iff it belongs to a kind whose typical
member is rational
• Kill dog? (Kind=dog)
1 Okay to kill dogs
• Kill SRHAs? (kind=human)
1 Not okay
• Worry What are the right "kinds"?
1 Ex) Kill you? (king> mammal)
1 Okay (there are a vast range of mammals)
2 Ex) Kill baby? (kind: Human baby)
1 A typical human baby is not rational, thus it is okay
• Worry Doesn't seem like what's "typical of a kind" is morally relevant.
1 Ex) Fido the Genius Dog
1 Kill Fido? (Kind: Dog)
2 Ex) Pluto People Pasture
1 People did not evolve here they were "planted on the earth" by aliens
1 Giant human factory farms all across the galaxy the typical
human on these farms is severely retarded
1 Kill you? (Kind: human)
1 The vast majority of humans are severely retarded
1 The typical human is not rational, thus it
is okay for you to kill a human
Cartesian Soul: Object of Consciousness and "Spiritual Dogtag"
It's inherently bad to harm/kill something if it has a soul.
• Cartesian 1 Object of consciousness
2 Those which adopt a "spiritual dog tag"