Developmental Psychology, Lecture on February 27 th
Six elements of language:
1) phonology - fundamental sound units and combinations of units in a given
2) semantics - meaning of words or combination of words.
3) grammar - rule pertaining to the structure of language.
4) syntax - grammatical rule that dictate how words can be combined.
5) morphology - rules for how to combine the smallest units of language to
form words. Morphemes that change; -s -ed -ing
NOTE: children can detect and readily use these rules to create meaningful
utterances with little guidance.
6) pragmatics - rules for using language effectively within a social context.
Brain structures and language:
Brock's area is the portion of the cerebral cortex that controls expressive
located in the left frontal region.
expressive aphasia, loss of the ability to speak fluently.
Wernicke's area is the portion of the cerebral cortex that controls language
located in the left temporal region.
receptive aphasia, loss of the ability to comprehend speech.
Theories of language development:
Linguistic theory (Noam Chomsky)