Developmental Psychology, Lecture on March 8th
Representation insight, the child's ability to understand that a symbol or model
can stand for a real-life event.
between birth through three years of age.
children come to realize that their own and another's view are not
reinforcement in the skill throughout childhood, children can determine
specific limitations of another's view
o (example, whether a picture someone else will see will look upside
down or right side up).
Theory of mind (TOM):
Awareness of the concept of mental states, both one's own and those of others.
Realism, the inability to distinguish between mental and physical entities.
know that dreams and mental images are not the same as the real thing.
Developmental progression in related skills,
eighteen months: follow gaze in episodes of joint attention to share their
three to five years: learn to understand a range of mental states, desire,
belief and false belief. *pivotal age*
six to ten years: kids can understand and use metaphors like, "my mind
10+: kids understand that some mental states are more difficult to control
than other "wanting" or "fearing."
Understanding psychological states:
False belief, the child's mistaken understanding that a naïve or uninformed
observer has the same information (and thus the same beliefs) as the child. Referential communication,
Communication in situations that require the child to develop an object to a
listener or evaluate the effectiveness of a message.