Developmental Psychology, Lecture on March 25th
Chapter Eleven: Emotions
1) complex behaviors involving:
o changes in respiration, heart rate, blood pressure, respiration.
o smiles, grimaces, cries, and other facial expressions.
o subjective feelings and cognitive judgments.
2) produced in response to events:
The functions of emotions:
regulate overt actions.
influence cognitive processing.
initiate, maintain, or terminate interactions with others.
Theoretical perspectives on emotional development:
Biologically based theories,
universal facial expression (Ekman)
o basic emotion are interpreted similarly across cultures.
o children typically mix up anger vs. disgust and fear vs. surprise.
infant emotion expression (Izard)
o basic emotions are expressed similarly in infants across cultures,
evidence for innateness.
o process of internal sensory feedback from making an expression
that is adaptive.
Cognitive-socialization (Lewis & Michalson):
cognitive processes act as mediators, or mental events that bridge the gap
between environmental stimuli and the response an individual expresses.
Environment 2) cognitive processes 3) emotions. compare events with past events.
assess social rules surrounding the event.