Developmental Psychology, Lecture on April 5th
Goodness of Fit:
(Thomas & Chess, 1977)
The degree to which an individual's temperament is compatible with the
demands and expectations of his/her social environment.
Match between temperament, learning styles and the environment.
Adaptive or maladatpvie outcomes do not depend on temperament alone
o interaction between child and environment is key.
Good fit - positive development.
Poor fit - negative self-development.
Possible for fluctuations over time,
grounded in caregiver-child interactions early on, later relationships,
contexts etc. can further influence outcomes.
Parents can shape their child's temperamental reactivity and influence
interactions with the environment.
what would be 'good' parenting for a difficult baby/child?
what is 'good' parenting for a slow-to-warm up or inhibited baby/child?
Parental sensitivity to child's temperament and interests have been linked to later
aspects of self-regulation.
maternal autonomy support: following the child's lead in exploring their
more autonomy support in toddlerhood --> EF in preschool.
Capacity to monitor, direct and flexibly adapt one's behaviors and activities to
achieve certain goals or meet t