Developmental Psychology, Lecture on April 10th
The stereotypes: what are they?
Instrumental characteristics, characteristics associated with acting on the world;
usually considered masculine.
Expressive characteristics, characteristics associated with emotions or
relationships with people; usually considered feminine.
Are there really differences?
females have lower mortality rates.
boy's are more aggressive than girls.
boy's are better at mental rotation and spatial perception than girls.
girls get better grades than boys in math classes but boys perform better
on standardizes tests.
girls develop language sooner and have more verbal fluency and boys are
more apt to have language and reading disorders than girls.
Gender role development:
Process by which individuals acquire the characteristics and behaviors prescribed
by their culture for their sex.
Stages of knowledge in gender-role development:
3-4 years: gender identity, knowledge that one is male or female.
4-5 years: gender stability, knowledge that one's gender does not change over
6-7 years: gender consistency, knowledge that Inez's gender does not change as
a result of alterations in appearance, behaviors, or desires.