Developmental Psychology, Lecture on April 22nd
Networks of friends:
girls tend to have smaller networks of friends.
in these networks of friends, girls like to talk about their feelings.
lots of openness and self-disclosure.
males have larger networks of friends.
networks are based on shared activities.
Stability and benefit of friendship:
best friends less stable than generally thought.
many depend upon individual characteristics of the child.
friendship buffers from loneliness.
Sociometric nomination, peer assessment measure in which children are asked to
name a specific number of pets who fit a certain criterion, such as, "peers you
would like to walk home with."
Sociometric rating scales, peer assessment measure in which children rate peers
on a number of social dimensions (e.g. leadership, social poise, positive self-
concept, winning disputes)
Peer status classifications:
Popular, many positive and few negative peer reviews.
behave in cooperatives helpful, trustworthy ways.
identified by peer as leaders.
sub-group characterized by aggressive, athletic or dominant (cool or
tough), usually boys.
this category is fairly stable over time.
Controversial, both positive and negative peer reviews.
very sociable and outgoing with kids they like but unpleasant and rejecting
to those they do not. example: aggressive boys seen as socially skilled or charming girls that
this category is not very stable over time.
Rejected, few positives and many negative peer reviews.
disruptive, inattentive and aggressive behaviors that lead others to avoid
and dislike them.
or withdrawn and socially unskilled, targets for bullies.