Social Psychology, Lecture on February 5 th
Each trait is influenced by its context.
Central traits (some are more important than others).
Harold Kelley (1950):
Independent variable: trait description used (warm or cold)
Dependent variable: student favorability
Result: “warm” produced more favorably
Early information colors perception of later information
Remember Harold Kelley
o Jones (1968)
o Test of intellectual ability
o Independent variable: order of right/wrong questions
o Dependent variable: intelligence rating
o Results: ratings were higher when correct answers came mainly
from first half (earlier information)
When someone rushes, tailgates you and cuts you off you immediately think,
“What an asshole/jerk” – this is considered an attribution.
Causal attribution is an assumption about why a person acted the way he/she did.
Two major kinds of attributions:
1) dispositional, something about the person himself made him act that way
2) situational, something about the situation made the person act that way
People tend to make attribution errors!
Fundamental attribution error: