American Politics COMPLETE NOTES [Part 16] - I got a 4.0 in the course!

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Political Science
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April 2, 2014 Announcements: Final Exam: Thurs. May 8th at 1:30-3:30 pm in Thompson 104 Grades: Those who express demonstrable improvement will see an improvement in their final grade We ended discussion last time talking about Parties as Organizations.. ➔ Super PACs ◆ Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission ◆ Raise Unlimited funds from individuals, corporations, or unions ◆ Although Super PACs are purported to be unassociated with candidates, the candidates do in fact have contact with and influence upon their Super PACs ➔ Third Parties - Role and Impact ◆ Why are Third Parties important? ● Third parties place issues on the political agenda that Democrats and Republicans do not care about or do not address ○ Socialist Party in 1930s ○ Reform Party in 1990s ○ More and more of the American public argue that the Democrats and Republicans are not addressing issues important to the public and vouch for a Third Party ● Public Opinion ○ Need Third Party ○ Partisan Differences? ○ Opinion v. Action ◆ When “rubber hits the road”, individuals do not express their opinions in the voting booths when it comes to Third Party candidates ➔ Why no Third Party success? ◆ Reflects Tradition and Socialization as “Partisan Animals” ● Very difficult to get out of this socialization ● 80% Retain Party Identification of their parents v. 60% Religious Affiliation of Parents ● Party affiliation is stronger than religious affiliations! ◆ Electoral System (SMP) ● Parties (Broad appeals) ○ Need 50% plus 1 to win election ○ Candidates need to create a big tent or wide umbrella in order to convince 50% of the American population to vote for them ● Voters/financial supporters (probability) ○ Voters won’t supply support or money to Third Party candidates because they don’t think they will win the presidential election ● Potential Candidates (influence) Co-optation ➔ ◆ Third parties tend to be single-issue parties ◆ Reform Party ● Now both Democratic and Republican candidates talk about deficit and national budget because of this party bringing to the floor these issues Dixiecrats ◆ ◆ Socialist Party ➔ Election Procedures You need at least 5% support in last election ◆ ◆ Debates - usually only Democrats and Republicans are invited by news stations or whoever is holding a debate Are Parties Distinct? ➔ ◆ No argument ● Mediate Voter Theorem ○ In looking at distribution of voters, most individuals and actual voters are “moderate,” found in the middle ○ Why would a candidate appear as too far right or too far left
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