American Politics COMPLETE NOTES [Part 2] - I got a 4.0 in the course!

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February 24, 2014 Today’s Questions - Civil Liberties ● How have our civil liberties developed over time? (Speech, religion, privacy) ● Are our civil liberties under attack? Privacy ● Freedom from governmental intervention or interference in private aspects of our lives if behavior does not harm others ● 9th Amendment ○ “The Enumeration in the Constitution of Certain Rights, Shall Not be Construed to Deny or Disparage Others Retained by the People” ■ Birth Control, abortion ○ Privacy is an IMPLIED right ○ Griswold v. Connecticut (1965) ■ “Forbid the use of contraception” and prohibited the provision of information about contraceptives in Connecticut ■ Planned Parenthood ■ This law violated Griswold’s and the right of married couples to birth control and information about birth control ■ Right to privacy is “older than the Bill of Rights” ● Implied because of our system of a restricted government ■ Privacy can be seen in 1st, 3rd, 4th, and 9th Amendments ○ Can a civil liberty be implied? Are we giving judges too much power to read a right into the Constitution? ○ Is there even such thing as an implied civil liberty ■ Abortion ■ Roe v. Wade (1973) ● Texas - abortion is illegal ● Legal foundation of the situation was a right not listed in the Constitution ● Right to privacy ● Protect a woman’s right to terminate a pregnancy? ○ 5-4 decision - woman’s right fell within the privacy right in the Bill of Rights ○ Privacy is a CREATED right (by the Supreme Court) ■ Autonomy to abortion in first trimester ■ State Involvement in 2nd and 3rd trimester ■ Homosexual Relations ● Bowers v. Hardwick 1984 ○ Georgia police “jump into Hardwick’s bedroom” while he was sleeping with another man and arrest Hardwick ○ Supreme court says no right to privacy ● Lawrence v. Texas 2003 ○ Right to privacy does connect to homosexual relations and Texas’s laws violate the 14th Amendment Right to Equal Protection and Due Process ○ Most controversial cases (like sexual acts), the Supreme Court, for all intents and purposes has protected this CREATED right of privacy Patriot Act ● What is it? ○ Set of laws which attempted to expand power of law enforcement agencies to fight terrorism, at local, state, and federal levels in order to be able to fight a potential future terrorist attack ● Definition of Terrorism ○ Preparation, planning, and gathering of information on potential targets ○ Terrorists want to create shock and awe ○ Solicitation of funds for future, potential Terrorist Activities ○ Acts dangerous to human life that violate criminal laws, intend to intimidate or coerce citizens, change policies, or change the conduct of government ■ Sounds like the Occupy Movement? It COULD be seen as a “dangerous” act. Is it terroristic? ■ One of the central problems with the
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