PSYCH 215 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: General Paresis Of The Insane, Johann Weyer, Hypnosis

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4 Feb 2017

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What is abnormal behavior?
Wednesday, January 25, 2017
3:53 PM
The 4 D's:
Deviant: Different from the norm; extreme, unusual, maybe even bizarre
Social norms vary across cultures, contexts
Different from what?
Ex: High IQ, or being left handed
Distress: Unpleasant and upsetting to the person
Dysfunction: Interferes with daily functioning; can interfere in multiple areas:
Danger: Risk of harm to self or others
Exception rather than the rule
Applying the 4 D's
Jose has been drinking more than usual lately
Danger; driving
Dysfunction; going to work
What is Treatment?
Treatment or Therapy: A procedure designed to change "abnormal" behavior into more "normal" behavior
Jerome Frank: "There are three essential features to therapy"
1. A sufferer who seeks relief from the healer
2. A trained socially accepted healer
3. A series of contacts between the healer and the sufferer, through which the healer tries to produc
Clinical treatment is surrounded by conflict and confusion
Lack of agreement about goals or aims
Lack of agreement of successful outcome
Lack of agreement of failure
Are clinicians seeking to cure or teach/ are patients or clients ill or having difficulty?
Take away message:
Defining abnormality is more complicated than any of the four d's
History: Abnormal Psychology
About 30% of adults and 19% of children in the U.S display serious psychological disturbances.
Similar in other countries
What influences the definitions we talked about?
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