PSYCH 215 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Sigmund Freud, Reality Principle, Libido

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4 Feb 2017
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Psychodynamic Model:
Behavior is caused by underlying psychological forces that people are not aware of
Early relationships and traumatic experiences
Deterministic: No symptom or behavior is an accident
Sigmund Freud (1856-1939)
Personality shaped by:
1. Id: guided by pleasure principle
Instinctual needs, drives and impulses
Sexual; fueled by libido (Sexual Energy)
2. Ego: guided by the reality principle
Seeks gratification, but guides us to know when we can and cannot express our wishes
3. Superego: guided by the morality principle
Conscience; unconsciously adopted from parents
Are they getting along or is their conflict
Dynamic Nature of Id, Ego and Superego
Compromise
Conflict
Psychodynamic Therapy
Seeks to uncover past trauma and inner conflicts
Some techniques:
Free Association: make them say first thing that comes to mind and try to uncover past trauma
Therapist Interpretation: Clues, patterns, conclusions to what is shared clues are listed below
Resistance: Resisting a topic, etc
Transference: Client acts towards therapist as they would toward others in their life
Dream Interpretation: Road to unconscious
Behavioral Model
Behavior caused by: principles of learning
We learn to behave or act in certain ways based on experiences
Focus only on observable behaviors that can be measures
Behaviors can be internal or external
Thoughts; internal, behavior; external
Operant Conditioning
Behavior
Reward
Punishment
Reward:
Positive Reinforcement
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