PSYC.3600 Lecture 2: Week 3-4

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7 Feb 2017
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easier to acquire a language when younger
sensitive period
best acquire specialized skills
genie
lack of language, hard to develop
earlier we can present a second language the better
ability to distinguish different sounds of all languages
precocial learning (2-4 mo)
babbling (~6 mo)
receiving feedback
sound, rhythm, intonation patterns
silent babbling
sign with parents
infant directed talk:
infants prefer IDT vs. normal voice
4 melodies attention, approval, prohibition, comfort
respond to intonation patterns
early interaction
turn taking
first words
recognize, comprehend, produce
5 mo recognize their own name
7-8 mo recognize and remember new words
IDT = easier to remember words
word production
10-15 mo first words
holophrastic period: "whole phrase" with single words
i.e. bottle = I'm hungry. I want my bottle.
overextension
i.e. all dogs are Cooper
putting words together, telegraphic speech
combine 2 words
car park = lets get in the car and go to the park
on average we learn 35000 words a year
"word gap", LENA
children from poorer families, at 2 yr old are 6 mo behind
parents speak less to child
work low pay, high stress jobs
conversational skills
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