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Lecture 6

HMED 3075 Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: Stethoscope, Moral Character, PaternalismPremium

4 pages18 viewsFall 2016

Department
History of Medicine
Course Code
HMED 3075
Professor
Tobbell D
Lecture
6

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HMED 3075 Lecture Notes 10/3/16
Gendered Technologies, Gendered Practice
Lecture: Nursing in the Early 20th Century
Reading: Margarete Sandelowski, “The physician’s eyes.”
Hospital Nursing before the Civil War
Nurse confined to hospital for both home and workplace-shared physical space with
patients
No formal training
Considered dregs of female society
Hospitals as sites of discipline
Paternalistic and hierarchical
Rigid rules for behavior to regulate daily life of patients and hospital workers
Civil War Nursing:
“invention” of the modern hospital depended on the invention of the trained nurse
Increasing numbers of native-born young rural women looking for work in the cities
(urbanization)
Nursing reform was to help reorder the hospital and provide suitable employment for
respectable women
Nursing was to become an “apprenticeship to duty”
oCharacter-behavior and demeanor (as much as bed-making skill) was to
distinguish the trained nurse
Nightingale Model of Reform
oSought to bring efficiency and moral order
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