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Lecture 6

KIN 3982 Lecture 6: Ethics

Course Code
KIN 3982
Alex K

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2/18 Notes - Ethics
Monday, February 18, 2019
2:30 PM
Ethics: norms of conduct that distinguish between acceptable and unacceptable
MN Starvation Study:
An alternative to entering the war or going to jail
Ansel Keys, proctor
Nuremburg Code
Voluntary consent is essential
Experiment shall not be random nor unnecessary in nature
Anticipated results should justify experiment
Experiment should avoid all unnecessary physical/mental suffering
No experiment should be conducted where there is reason to believe that
death or disabling injury will occur; except, perhaps, in those experiments
where the experimental physicians also serve as subjects
Degree of risk taken should never exceed that determined by the
humanitarian importance of the problem to be solved by the experiment
Proper preparations should be made and adequate facilities provided to
protect experimental subject against even remote possibilities of injury,
disability, or death
Subject should be at liberty to bring the experiment to an end
Scientist in charge must be prepared to terminate the experiment at any
Scientists must be trained and educated in the study they are presenting
Common Rule
Research is a systematic investigation designed to develop or contribute to
generalizable knowledge
IRB = Institutional Review Board
Reviews proposals and monitors projects involving human subjects
Includes work done by undergraduate and graduate students, professors, lab
groups, etc.
Beneficence: do no harm
Justice: subjects should be treated equally
Autonomy: all individuals can make the decision to participate in the study or not
Debriefing: discussing study and procedure after participation is complete
Right to privacy: researchers must protect confidentiality
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