The basic treatments of these problems were sleep and immersing the
afflicted in a happy and nourishing environment as well as ointments,
potions, and cleansing baths.
However, people were still primarily religious and many thought these
illnesses were God punishing them for bad deeds
Treatments: exorcism, confinement, beatings, torture, physical shocks
such as dunking in ice barrels, or trying to scare off the demons by
suspending the individual over a pit of venomous snakes.
Oftentimes in Europe, there were occurrences of people having
compulsions to gather in the streets and jump, shout, and dance in
patterns together. Also known as Saint Vitus’s Dance or tarantism, the
experts of the towns attributed this behavior to bug bites or contagious
Paracelsus and the moon
He thought that the moon’s gravitational pull or stages had an impact on
human’s bodily fluids and in turn caused mental disorders
4. Trace the major historical developments and underlying assumptions of the
biological approach to understanding human behavior
A Greek physician who wrote the Hippocratic Corpus which stated that
any disease of the mind could be treated just like a physical disease. In
this book, he attributed mental diseases as being caused by heredity or
trauma. He thought that because the mind was the source of
intelligence, emotion, and consciousness that the disorders that caused
problems with these elements would be located there.
Coined the term hysterical which was used to describe somatic system
These disorders are recognized by physical impairments which
seem to have no identifiable physical cause such as blindness or
The Egyptians thought that it was caused only in women by a
“wandering uterus”, which they thought could only be cured by
marriage or vagina fumigation.
Syphilis was one of these diseases, which caused many mental
symptoms and resulted in death of the individual.
It was then that physicians noticed the difference between
people with syphilis and other mentally ill people: Most mentally
ill people seemed outwardly fine whereas people with syphilis
eventually died. This was the first time that a mental illness was
treated as a physical disease (done with the use of malaria-
infected blood and sometimes warded off the bacteria from the
brain but not always and can no longer be used as treatment
due to ethics).
Roman physician that developed the humoral theory
Believed functioning of the brain was due to the levels of humors
(liquids) that included blood, black bile, yellow bile, and phlegm.
This was the first time that a mental disorder was associated with
any form of biological imbalance in the body.