POLI 130 Lecture 25: A Divided Western World?

4 Pages
Unlock Document

University of North Carolina - Chapel Hill
Political Science
POLI 130
rahsaan Maxwell

April 17, 2017 Notes A Divided Western World? ● Are we in the midst of a realignment? ● Party Formation (late 19th/early 20th c): class conflict ○ Parties went mainstream when everyone got the right to vote. ○ Parties with broad political ideologies, philosophy, conflict, etc. ○ Socioeconomic Divide between the workers (___) and the capitalists (____). ● Class Cleavages Weaken from 1960s Onward ○ Labor laws, minimum wages, entering the middle class. ○ New middle class: not so easily divided between workers and capitalists. ○ Rise of cultural issues (women’s rights, immigration, etc. ● Rise of New Niche Parties ○ They focus on the small issues. ○ Part of the reason they were so angry about immigration is because they felt it was taking jobs away from the native working class. ■ Right wing parties called for left wing policies to protect these groups. ■ No clean cut between the two wings. ○ Green Party ■ Regulations to protect the environment. ■ Preserving the environment doesn't have anything to do with class cleavage. ■ There are more right winged protectionists lately. ● Being part of one wing does not mean that you are strictly that wing; there is a lot of overlap between the left and right parties. ● New Axis of Political Conflict? ● No settled name yet for this phenomenon because we have not answered that question. ● Cosmopolitans/Globalists/Internationalists ○ Wants globalization, cultural mixing, international political cooperation, pro- globalization ○ Strengthening the EU ● Nationalists/Traditionalists/Populists ○ Want to preserve national traditions. ○ Reduce immigration, international cooperation, etc. ○ Europe: We have parties that want to leave the EU, don’t want to take refugees, etc. ○ They want to restrict international trade in a way that will benefit domestic economy. ● A lot of these sides were prevalent during the US Presidential Elections ● French Presidential Election: ○ The strongest candidates are neither left or right; very mixed. ○ Marine Le Pen: far right populist woman; she has more moderate voters though because she was not as right winged as her father; has a populist perspective for the people. ○ Jean-Luc Melenchon: he is far left; has been gaining traction with his populist ideas; pushing for stronger connections with the people and national traditions; one of his policies is that he wants to have a 100% tax rate on anyone earning more than $400,000 Euros ○ Emmanuel Macron: he is not a conventional candidate because he is independent in the center; supportive of progressive issues; supports revolution. ○ They all want to speak for the little people. ○ Francois Fillon: he had scandals about fake jobs for his wife; was in support but went down because of the scandals. ○ There are people going for new positions other than just old fashioned left and old fashioned right. ● Winners v. Losers ○ The first side are those who have benefitted, and the others have not. ○ There are some winning in the new economy, but some not anymore because factories have closed. ○ Winners: ■ Highly educated knowledge workers rather than the trade workers (right wing). ■ Creative industry such as entertainment; left wing voters that benefit from this order. ■ They both have an interest in this open technology globalized world. ■ They aren’t limited by their nation state. ■ Winners from both parties. ○ Losers: ■ Working class and lower middle class. ■ Many people’s jobs have disappeared because of technology. ■ Weakening nation state means that working in public sector jobs have gotten a lot harder. ● Especially true in Europe when their economy used to be nationalized but not anymore because of the weakening nation state. ● Used to be solid left wing union voters, but the private sector jobs have
More Less

Related notes for POLI 130

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.