POLI 130 Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: Frankfurt Parliament, Customs Union, Italian Unification

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6 Feb 2017
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February 1, 2017
Notes
Late Modernization of Germany and Italy
Germany and Italy: Late, and top down
Germany before nation state
Holy Roman Empire - early 1800s
Over 300 political entities
Ineffective
Were able to kick out Napoleon
German Confederation - 1815
Diverse states
Push towards unification
Austria and Prussia competing for leadership
Zollverein
Customs union designed to reduce trade taxes
There were 800 custom tolls prior to this
Trade was necessary
Eliminated tariffs in Prussia - 1818
Bhavana joins in 1834
Not it had most of Germany
Austria not part of unification plan
Strengthened business people
Urban middle class
1848 Revolutions
Inspired by the French Revolution
Feb 1848: French monarchy returned but the average person
was starving and there were poor democratic ideals
Louis Philip gets scared and flees
New government immediately grants more suffrage
Didn’t last very long
Louis Napoleon was elected in December and brought
monarchy back
Germany 1848 Revolutions
Harsh winters and peasants starving
Organized mobs
Growing middle class
Agreed to reelect parliament
Frankfurt National Assembly
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