JUDS 205 Lecture Notes - Lecture 8: Suzerainty, Minuscule 22, Book Of Deuteronomy

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21 Sep 2016
RELG 9.9.16
Three Versions of Story
Genesis 15
Genesis 14:15,19-20,21ab,22a,24-25,27b,30
Genesis 14:16-18, 22b,23,26-27a,28-29
Oldest to Newest
Hittite Suzerainty/Vassal Treaties
Hittite Suzerainty Treaty Form (Treaties 1500-1200 B.C.E.)
1. Preamble (Exodus 20:1)
2. Historical Prologue (Exodus 20:2)
3. Stipulations (Exodus 20:3-17)
4. Deposition/Display of Text (Exodus 40:20 The Ark of the Covenant)
5. Witnesses (Exodus 24:1-2; 9-11 The parties of the covenant come together)
6. Blessings & Curses (Leviticus 26:3-22)
Laws of the Covenant
1. Apodictic Law: An absolute prohibition. A general law. Ideals.
2. Casuistic Law: The specifics.
Decalogue: The Ten Commandments
Catholic, Anglican, Lutheran: Lord your God, graven image and idol are together, wife
and goods are separate.
Reformed: Lord your God, and idol are together. Graven image is separate. Wife and
goods are together.
1. You shall have no other Gods before me: God of Israel, YHWH of Samaria, God of
Juda? Weight station, pottery, away from most civilization in Israel. Cultic (Places of
Religion) Figurines, found in homes. 7th Century B.C.E. Holding breasts? Want to
provide nutrition for children?
2. You shall not make for yourself an idol: Many different types of idols. Sphinx, Calves,
Cult Stands. Might not think of calves as God but as a throne of God.
3. You shall not take the name of the Lord your God in vain.
4. Remember the Sabbath and keep it holy: Sabbath and Passover can be connected and
they can be connected to the moon cycle (Amos 8:5, Isaiah 1:13) (Deuteronomy mentions
reasons to keep Sabbath holy-when you were slaves in Egypt you couldn’t rest)
5. Honor your Father and Mother: Very common theme.
6. You shall not kill/murder: Hebrew word can mean kill, murder, premeditate, “illegal
behavior against the community,” killing of a fellow countryman. Manslaughter. Permits
some kinds of killing and not other kinds of killing.
7. You shall not commit adultery: because it is dishonoring to the man whose wife you had
sexual relations with. Referring to being unfaithful within marriage.
8. You shall not steal: Un-specific.
9. You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor: Some crimes were punishable by
death. If you gave false testimony that person could be wrongfully put to death.
10. You shall not covet your neighbor’s wife/goods: You shouldn’t even try to covet, let
alone steal or commit adultery. It shouldn’t even be a thought.
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