PSYC 287 Lecture 1: PSYCH287 Ch.1

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12 Oct 2017
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Chapter1:TheStudyofthePerson
● GordonAllport“FatherofPersonalityPsych”
○ “Theoutstandingcharacteristicofmanishisindividuality.Therewasnevera
personjustlikehim,andthereneverwillbeagain.”
● Whatispersonality?
○ Howdifferenthe/sheisfromothers
○ Howhe/shebehavesinthedifferentsituations
○ Boththesituationandthepersoninfluencebehavior
Consistentbehaviorpatternsandintrapersonalprocessesoriginatingwithinthe
individual
■ toanextent,individualbehaviorisconsistentacrosstimeandsituations
■ emotional,motivational,andcognitiveprocessesthatinfluence
individual’sfeelingsandactions
● Howdowestudypersonality?
○ Psychologicaltriad:thecombinationofhowpeoplethink,feel,andbehave
● WhatdoPersonalityPsychologistsStudy?
○ Psychologicaltriad
○ overlapwithclinicalpsychology
■ bothattempttounderstandthewholeperson
■ normalvs.extremepatternsofpersonality
● AdvantagesandDisadvantagesofPersonalityPsych
○ Goalistoaccountforthewholepersonandreallifeconcerns
■ advantage:inclusive,interesting,andimportant
● “Ifyoudescribealandscape,oraseascape,oracityscape,
alwaysbesuretoincludeandhumanfiguresomewhereinthe
scene.Why?Becausereadersarehumanbeings,mostly
interestedinhumanbeings.”KurtVonnegut
● “Greatstrengthsareusuallygreatweaknesses,andsurprisingly
oftentheoppositeistrueaswell.”Funder’sFirstLaw(pg.10)
● Alsoseeninindividuals
○ whatissomethingyoureallylikeaboutyourbestfriend?
Doesthissamecharacteristicevercauseproblems?
■ HaiLeeisopenmindedbutheropenmindedness
makesherrudesometimes.
■ disadvantage:overinclusiveorunfocusedresearch
○ Howdoyoucomparetwowholepeople?
■ Considerindividualdifferences
● advantage:emphasizeindividualdifferences(whereasotherareas
ofpsychtreatallpeopleasiftheywerethesame)
○ sensitivityandrespectforindividualdifferences
● disadvantage:pigeonholing
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