SOCI 101 Lecture Notes - Lecture 10: Industrial Revolution, Anomie

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20 Feb 2017
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Principle: the type of society we live in is the fundamental reason for why we become who we are. Hunting and gathering societies: the simplest form of societies, few social divisions and little inequality, members have adapted well to environments. Have more leisure than members of other societies: few still on earth. Pastoral and horticultural societies: pasturing of animals, horticulture, division of labor. Agricultural societies: animals are used to pull plows. Allow for cultivation of larger areas of land: towns develop and lead to cities. I(cid:374)itially (cid:448)e(cid:396)y little (cid:449)o(cid:396)ke(cid:396)s" (cid:396)ights: ulti(cid:373)ately, (cid:373)o(cid:396)e (cid:449)o(cid:396)ke(cid:396)s" (cid:396)ights a(cid:374)d less i(cid:374)e(cid:395)uality. Postindustrial (information) societies: do(cid:374)"t (cid:862)p(cid:396)odu(cid:272)e(cid:863) a(cid:374)ythi(cid:374)g. Doctors sell their knowledge: built on information, transfer of information. Biotech societies: applying and altering genetic structures to produce food, medicine, and materials, to enhance society. Aggregate, category, groups: aggregate individuals who temporarily share the same physical space but who do not see themselves as belonging together.

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