Selecting a topic: what do you want to know more about, many sociologists follow curiosity. Interested in a particular topic and pursue it: some choose a topic because of funding, 2. Defining the problem: specify what you want to learn, usually pretty focused, spouse abuse: (cid:449)hat is the hus(cid:271)a(cid:374)d"s (cid:449)ork e(cid:454)perie(cid:374)(cid:272)e, 3. Reviewing the literature: you must read what has already been published, narrows problems, let"s you know what is already known, pinpoint questions you may ask, what you are interested in learning has been found already, 4. Choosing a research method: decide how you are going to collect data, 7 basic research methods/designs, 6. You must state your operational definitions precisely: reliability if other researchers use your operational definitions, their findings will be consistent with yours, 7. Analyzing the results: test hypothesis, some research has no hypothesis, if you know too little to specify variables in advance, 8. Interviewer bias i(cid:374)ter(cid:448)ie(cid:449)er"s presence can affect what people say.