SPAN 202 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Trado, A.C.A.B., Hypothesis

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Published on 31 Jan 2017
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Spanish Study Guide
Preterito Conjugation: To express a sequence of events completed in the past. To talk about
the beginning or end of something (empezar, terminar…)
-AR -ER/-IR
é amos í imos
aste iste
ó aron ieron
Irregulars:
Ir—-fui, fuiste, fue, fuimos, fueron
Ser—-fui, fuiste, fue, fuimos, fueron
Sacar—-(yo) saqué
Llegar—- (yo) llegué
Empezar—- (yo) empecé
Preferir—-(él & ellos) prefirió, prefirieron
Dormir—- (él & ellos) durmió, durmieron
Leer—-(él & ellos) leyó, leyeron
Oír—- (él & ellos) oyó, oyeron
Creer—- (él & ellos) creyó, creyeron
*Bold= all i’s have accent (Ex: leíste)
Imperfecto Conjugation: To talk about customary/habitual actions, events, or conditions in the
past (I went to the store everyday). Not boxed/defined by time. To express an ongoing part of an
action, event, or condition (I was talking). To talk about age and time (When I was little).
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-AR -ER/IR
aba abamos ía íamos
abas ías
aba aban ía ían
>Irregulares
>> Ir = iba…., íbamos
>> Ser = era
>> Ver = veía
Present Perfect Conjugation (have):
Haber + Past Participle
He
Has + -ido/ado ending
Ha
Hemos
Han
>>>> I have eaten today = He comido
>>>> Have you eaten today = Has comido
**Reflexive—- goes before haber + verb
>>> Me he duchado
>Irregulares
>> hacer = hecho >> romper = roto >> volver = vuelto >> morir = muerto
>>poner = puesto >> ver = visto >> abrir = abierto
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>> escribir = escrito >> cubrir = cubierto >> decir = dicho
Past Perfect Conjugation (had): Refers to a past action, event, or condition that happened
before another past event, action, or condition.
Imperfect Haber + Past Participle
Había
Habías
Había + -ado/ido
Habíamos
Habían
*** If it end in a vowel, use an accent
** leer = leído traer = traído
>Irregulares
>> hacer = hecho >> romper = roto >> volver = vuelto >> morir = muerto
>>poner = puesto >> ver = visto >> abrir = abierto
>> escribir = escrito >> cubrir = cubierto >> decir = dicho
Present Indicative Conjugation:
-AR -ER/IR
o amos o emos
as es
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