ANTH 101 Lecture 9: Part 2

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22 Dec 2016
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Culture is a system of symbols that allows us to represent/communication our experience. Language system of cultural knowledge used to generate and interpret speech. Speech behavior that produces meaningful vocal sounds: the distinction between language + speech is like that between culture + behavior language is part of culture, the system of knowledge that generates behaviors. Speech is the behavior generated and interpreted by language. Every language is composed of 3 subsystems for dealing with vocal symbols: phonology, grammar, semantics: 1. Phonology categories and rules for forming vocal symbols. Concerned not directly with meaning, but with formation and recognition of vocal sounds to which we assign meaning. E(cid:454)a(cid:373)ple: if (cid:455)ou sa(cid:455) (cid:862)(cid:271)at(cid:863) (cid:455)ou followed a spe(cid:272)ial set of rules for producing and ordering sound categories characteristic of english language. Phoneme minimal category of speech sounds that signals a difference in meaning.

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