PSC 100 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Excessive Bail Clause, 3 Women, Incorporation Of The Bill Of Rights

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9 May 2016
School
Course
Professor
Module 4
Lesson 1
State Judge Qualifications
oFive types of Courts:
Supreme Court
Chosen in non-partisan elections
oVoters decide who become judges
oNo party affiliations listed
6 year terms
Qualifications
oAge: 25
oQualified elector (non-felon)
oAttorney licensed in Nevada
oTwo-year resident
o15 years of legal experience
Court of Appeals
Established in 2014 election
Same qualifications, terms, and selections as Supreme Court
District Court
Also chosen in non-partisan elections
Also 6 year terms
Qualifications
oAge: 25
oQualified elector
oAttorney licensed in Nevada
oTwo-year resident
o10 years of legal experience
Justice Court (Justice of the Peace)
Also chosen in non-partisan elections
Also 6 year terms
Qualifications
oAge: 25
oQualified elector
o30-day resident
oHigh school diploma
o*Counties of 700,000 or more and towns of 100,000 or
more, must be attorney for five years
o*Counties of less than 700,000 and towns of 250,000 or
more, must be attorney for five years
Municipal Court
Non-Partisan
4 year terms
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Boulder City: City Council chooses judges
Qualifications
oCitizen of state
oResident of city for one year
oQualified elector
*No term limits for judges in Nevada – they can serve as long as they can
get elected
Judicial Selection
oNevada Commission on judicial selection comes up with list of 3 qualified
candidates
oGovernor then chooses one from this list
oRetention election held at the next general election
Removal
o1) Recall
Allows the people to vote judge out of office
o2) Retirement
Removal by Commission on Judicial Discipline
Exists to investigate judicial misconduct or disability of judges
Established 1976
o3) Legislature
Allows for quick action by Assembly and Senate
o4) Impeachment
Under Article 7 of State Constitution, judges may be removed for
misdemeanors or malfeasance
Trial held in state senate (overseen by lieutenant general)
2/3 must vote in favor of conviction
Lesson 2
Identify the types of courts within the Nevada judicial system.
Which level was most recently established in Nevada and why is it significant?
Under what circumstances can cases be appealed from state courts to the federal court system?
What is jurisdiction and what is the difference between original and appellate jurisdiction?
What are the differences between criminal and civil cases?
Define the specific types of jurisdiction and cases handled by each level within the state judicial system.
Nevada judiciary
oSeparate and independent of US federal judicial system
oMost crimes are controlled by state law
State to Federal Court
o95% of all cases end in state court
oYou can only appeal to go to the Federal Court if a federal issue is involved (i.e.
national law or US Constitution)
Four levels
oJustice and Municipal
Original jurisdiction
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