SOC 101 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: George Herbert Mead, Ethnomethodology, Nonverbal Communication

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Key element of social structure: compels/encourages others to react in desired ways to the individual;
"striking a pose"
Structured around norms, statuses, and roles
Highly patterned and routine
Includes verbal and nonverbal communication
Social Interaction involves people communicating face-to-face and acting and relating in relation
to other people.
Ethnomethodology
Everyday interactions could not take place without pre-existing shared norms and
understandings
The study of the methods ordinary people use, often unconsciously, to make sense of what others
do and say
Method - break norms and observe how people work together to reconstruct the situation (see
Sociologist Harold Garfinkle)
Universal Emotions:
Joy
Disgust
Sadness
Anger
Surprise
Fear
Social Construction Theory
Social Construction Theory = people construct gender through ongoing interaction with others; ongoing
process of constructing gender meanings - fluid category that evolves through human interaction.
Self = both active source of behavior and passive object of behavior
Reflexive Behavior = ability to plan, observe, guide, and respond to one's own behavior
Process of learning meaning of self from how people act toward you
You see yourself through other people's eyes; actions of others are like mirrors
Looking-glass self - Charles Horton Cooley (1902)
George Herbert Mead (1934)
"I" = part of the self that responds directly to outside events; impulsive, for self-preservation.
"Me" = represents the society within the individual, self-reflective; shows internalization of
attitudes/standards of group
Chapter 5 - Social Interaction and Everyday Life
Monday, February 10, 2020
1:03 PM
Chapters Page 1
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Document Summary

Chapter 5 - social interaction and everyday life. Key element of social structure: compels/encourages others to react in desired ways to the individual; Social interaction involves people communicating face-to-face and acting and relating in relation to other people. The study of the methods ordinary people use, often unconsciously, to make sense of what others do and say. Everyday interactions could not take place without pre-existing shared norms and understandings. Method - break norms and observe how people work together to reconstruct the situation (see. Social construction theory = people construct gender through ongoing interaction with others; ongoing process of constructing gender meanings - fluid category that evolves through human interaction. Self = both active source of behavior and passive object of behavior. Reflexive behavior = ability to plan, observe, guide, and respond to one"s own behavior. Process of learning meaning of self from how people act toward you.

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