GWSS 1060 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Female Chauvinist Pigs, Heteronormativity, Intersectionality

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The Erotic, the Pornographic, and the Camera
Began using cameras to show that these are real humans nudity rather than a
painting that the audience may never know who posed for it
The Erotic
“Cleopatra” titled sex to get others attention
The Pornographic
Actors used false names
More at home rather than shown publically
The Production (Hays) Code
Rules and regulations on what’s acceptable in motion pictures
Instead of government censoring movies, the movie industry will “censor
themselves”
The Displacement of Sex by Romance
The up-close kiss
The sexual yet classy dance (acceptable way for others to touch)
Hollywood would hint at sexual encounters rather than showing them, they would
let your mind wonder and imagine
The Rise (and fall) of the pornographic feature films
1. Locating the Spectacle of Sex within the Context of Narrative
2. Redefining the Economically Expedient (16mm) as Artistically Motivated
3. Securing Mainstream Commercial Exhibition
o To get them into real movie theaters
The Rise of the Sexually Explicit Feature Films
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Realize they can use sex scenes in films in a way that doesn’t show the nude
body fully
The Sexual Revolution in Hollywood: Adult theatres
Very nice theatres that couples would go with together
Bechtel Test
A film scene that could only be focused on the talk about women by main
characters
The Implicit Heteronormativity of Comics
Always have been centered around heterosexuals
o Archie: Who should he choose Betty or Veronica
o The Flirtation between superhero’s who are bachelors (Batman and Cat
women/Superman and Wonder Women)
The Rise of Gay and Lesbian Comics
Archie: Brought in gay characters (not main characters) and had them marry
Why Comics? Questions of Form and Format
Comics are a historically popular form of mass entertainment once commonly
associated with children
We read comics rather than “watching them” as they have words and visual
representation just as television does
Queer Precursors: David Bowie and Lou Reed
Lou Reed “Walk on the Wild Side”
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