PHIL 1034 Lecture 1: Lecture 1 Notes - Declaration of Independence

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Liberty and the Pursuit of Happiness!
The Declaration of Independence!
Lecture 1 Notes!
8.25.2015 !
!
The Declaration of Independence!
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-Heavily influenced by philosophies of John Locke!
-“All men are created equal”!
-Dred-Scott case: Blacks aren’t counted as men!
Natural equality: Hobbes says that all men are equal on the intellectual level!
-people don’t deviate much in mental capacity!
Moral equality: Locke says people have morel standings!
-“Endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable rights”!
references a “Creator”!
What is a right? undeniable!
unalienable: unable to be taken away!
-let both life and liberty and happiness can be taken away!
-so what does unalienable truly mean then?!
-“Among these (unalienable rights) are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness”!
Yet can’t do anything you want so what is the proper scope of liberty?!
Locke mentions health, not pursuit of happiness in his work!
People and yourself influence your happiness especially for the future!
If all of them are important, how do you balance them all especially when sometimes they
need to be traded off!
-Smoking: Give society the liberty to smoke even though we know that in the future that
will hinder their happiness!
-“That to secure these rights, Governments are instituted amongst Men”!
-“Governments derive their just powers from the consent of the governed”!
-The Declaration authors only used philosophies they supported!
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