WGST 201 Lecture Notes - Lecture 14: Lavender Menace, Jean Kilbourne, Rape Myth

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Notes – summary – essay answers
1 Ideational aspect:
Social roles
Example: divisions/issues:
oReproductive issues (Race/class)
oSweat shop (black women, etc.)
oSexuality (lavender menace: lesbianism will make the organization unpopular,
they didn’t support homosexuality)
2 Interactional aspects: (Physical neural development)
Body movements
Who to play with
Skills acquired
1 More freedom of gender role
2 Neural physical
3 Cross-gender relationships
o Intersectional
oSexual tolerances
oLess ideological
Privilege & Oppression (group, not individual)
Ideologies (How people interpret the world)
Not all difference is privilege /oppression
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Macro level, not individual:
Privilege and oppression describe systemic, structural inequality
Operates at the group level: the privilege or oppression is not result of individual
effort or behavior, but is conferred because the individual is a member of a social
group: race, class, sexual orientation, nationality, able bodied/disabled, gender,
Systematic: Related systems of inequality (oppression)
Structural – how Privilege & Oppression are enacted:
By social group
Ideologies (belief systems, stereotypes, cultural myths)
Institutions (criminal justice system, university)
oFormal rules governed institutions: (have rules / everyone recognize their
existence): criminal justice system, legislative bodies, universities, government
oInformal institutions that reproduce social norm: (no rules, they have ways
of doing things): social rules, mass media, fraternities, country club etc.
oMany institutions are combination of both: higher education is
shaped by federal law and rules of individual schools, but also campus
culture the Greek system, portrayals of college life in media
Everyday Feminist
Individual Group
Gift/reward Basic assumption
Based on behavior Don’t do anything to get it (naturally)
Based on unchangeable characteristics
(race, gender)
Feminists use the word reference to make reference to basic assumptions or
natural privileges, it’s more for a group that born with it. In everyday it’s more for
a sense of rewards and behavior of something that you win.
Example (everyday): A child who behaves well is allowed to use his computer or
watch TV.
Example (feminist): A girl who was born with white color skin belongs to the
high-social class.
Prejudice Vs. Racism
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Oppression Race Class Youth
Individual’s internal perspective
Arbitrary attitudes or beliefs and unfair bias toward a person/group
Based on little or no experience and projected onto entire group
Discrimination (action based on prejudice):
Individual’s external behavior
Excluding, ignoring, avoiding, threathning, ridiculing, violence, unfair
Racism is a structural systematic opinion of that type or group of people. Will
affect that person rights, job, and education.
Privilege definition for feminists:
“They didn’t do anything to get it”
Something that you born with
Advantages or lack of advantages a group of people enjoy
Mythical norm: What people see socially acceptable (TV, magazines, adds,
media). In other words what we consider as the standard to compare
oppression that not correctly can be classified as oppression. (Oppression
applied to all groups equally) everything that doesn’t conform the
mythical norm is an exception or different.
Example: A guy who goes to a club at night wearing shorts and it’s not allowed
to enter due to his outfit. (It’s a law applied to anyone not taking into account
race, gender, and social class)
Thomas Millar “Meet the predators”: The stranger rape script didn’t describe rape
as most women describe & experience it. It’s easy to picture the stranger rapist: a
violent criminal stranger that can come out of nowhere and rape you. So when a
woman has seen raped by a date, friend, spousal, boyfriend or acquaintaince they
don’t report it because most of them have a distorted or different idea of what a rape
constitute. So that influences in the rate rape increasing.
Becky Thompson “Eating disorders”: The cause of eating disorders is a
consequence of women trying to escape from life changing experiences (traumas):
Racism, poverty, sexual abuse, classism, heterosexism, psychological, political,
cultural factors
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