Roots of ethnic conflict
• Aftermaths of oppression
o Genocide: deliberate elimination of a group
o Ethnocide: attempt to destroy cultures of certain ethnic groups
o Ethnic expulsion: aims at removing from a country groups that are culturally
o Refugees: people who are forced or who have chosen to flee a country
o Cultural colonialism: internal domination by one group and its culture or ideology
Making a living
• What are the major adaptive strategies found in non-industrial societies?
• What is an economy, and what is economizing behavior?
• Advent of food production fueled major changes in human life
o Formation of large social and political systems- eventually states