BPS 203 Lecture 1: BPS 203 Day 3

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BPS 203 Day 3 1/31/2017 6:31:00 PM
Pete went over the plants again,
Snakeroot has blackish berries on it , white flowers, rough stem
Periwinkle pink flowers, smooth stem
Aloe and agave.
Spanish flies were there in the containers too, toxins from animals, for
treating warts
Two samples of different kind of maples
Red swamp maple red brownish clustered buds- Acer rubrum
Sugar maple pointy buds, white honeycomb cylinder like structure Acer
saccharum
Pharmcognosy- from nature
Youngken Books
Natural products are secondary metabolites
Phytochemicals, chemicals produced by plants. Protects from irradiation and
oxidative damage, or attract pollinators
Ancient cultures, Ethnobotany, TCM, Ayurveda, Ancient Egypt (opium
poppy), Medieval England (willow bark)
Willow bark- salicin- salicylic acid- Aspirin
Digoxin from foxglove
Taxol from pacific yew, breast cancer
Periwinkle- toxic cancer drugs used for chemotherapy
Snakeroot
Synribo- plum yew
Kratom pbs video
Tincture - alcoholic extract - medicine made by dissolving it in alcohol
Aqueous extract would be with water
The United States Pharmacopeia (USP) is a pharmacopeia (compendium
of drug information) for the United States published annually by the United
States Pharmacopoeial Convention (usually also called the USP), a
nonprofit organization that owns the trademark and copyright.
Pharmacopoeia, pharmacopeia, or pharmacopoea (literally, "drug-
making"), in its modern technical sense, is a book containing directions for
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the identification of compound medicines, and published by the authority of
a government or a medical or pharmaceutical society.
Western history- Scientific (proof, clinical studies) ; Eastern history-
empirical (studied for centuries)
Cellular study, production, animal testing, human testing, proper studies for
proof.
The Papyrus Ebers (Egyptian)
Castor seeds/oil
Hippocrates- food be your medicine, medicine be your food.
Theophratus
Pliny the elder
Dioscorides (De Materia Medica)
Galen
Krauterbuch
Precision medicine, what works for one person may not work another person
1/3 Breast cancer gene, 1/3 environmental toxicity, 1/3 in your hands/your
lifestyle
Natural secondary metabolites THEY ARE NOT NUTRIENTS ;
PHYTOCHEMICALS/ may be called phytonutrients Not a good term cause
they are not nutrients
NUTRACEUTICALS/FOODS
Foods that can give health benefit, beyond basic nutrition.
Acenacia boosting the immune system
Ginger - anti-nausea
Saw palmetto- males
Ginkgo- memory
Broccoli, kale, soy beans,
5 to 7 of vegetables live longer
prevent or delay onsets for a lot of diseases
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