ses 4-1 trade offs.docx

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University of Rhode Island
Gender and Women’s Studies
GWS 220
Elizabeth Herron

o Science careers  Academic  Government agencies  Commercial/industrial labs  Nonprofits (zoos, aquariums, museums, conservations organizations, research foundations)  Typically much Interaction/overlap between institutions o Why fewer women in Science?  Ability difference? o No systematic differences between the averages of men and women in standardized tests o However, the highest scorers tend to be males o Math talented women are simply less likely to enter mathematical fields than men with similar talents  Career preferences o Young girls are more interested in careers that involve living things o Quarter of young boys feel that way o Gender differences are acceptable as long as they are based on personal choice and not stereotype expectation o Life-course preferences  Decision to have children often sidetracks women’s careers  Reduces their productivity  Harder for women to compete  These factors often dissuade women form e=seeking careers in scientific field- particularly in acedemia o Sex discrimination in publishing, funding and hiring  Historically it existed but not currently o Academic tenure  A long term contract that you will prove that you are a credible hardworking worker and will maintain a certain standard  Primarily intended to guarantee the right to academic freedom  There is 1. Working towards tenure and 2, achieving tenure o These safeguards do not apply until you reach tenure o Tenure was created: th  In response to a series of 19 century cases  University donors or state legislatiors tried to remove professors they diskliked or dissagreed with  Most famous, progressive movement leader Richard Ely was accused of “being a socialist” and efforts were made to remove him as an economics professor at the university of Wisconsin  Tenure Process o Tenure associated with more senior job titles o Junior professors need to demonstrate a strong record of  Published research  Grant funding  Academic visibility  Teaching and administrative service o Attaining tenure is typically time limited, allowing junior professors to keep that title for only 4-6 years o Move up or move out o Tenure packet  CV (Curriculum vitae)  Detailed research and teaching statements  Collections of publications o Packet sent to senior member (on and off the list)  Maybe a tenure committee  After preliminary review, sent to dean, provost etc. o Steps to publishing  Often getting research funds  Completing the research o Setting up experiments/field work o Managing graduate students/research associates o Managing and analyzing data  Writing the article o Sending the article for review o Responding to reviewers comments (back for review)- may require multiple reviews o publication  Start the next one o Keys to successfully managing  Focus on priorities o Baby (they will only be babies for so long) o Activities that will lead to tenure  Seek and accept help o Release from teaching or administrative activities o Encourage spouse to share tasks  Accept that you can’t do it all
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