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Lecture 10

SPA 101 Lecture Notes - Lecture 10: Pronoun


Department
Spanish
Course Code
SPA 101
Professor
Anastasia Allan
Lecture
10

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The subject pronouns in Spanish are:
SingularPlural
1st Person yo nosotros, nosotras
2nd Person tú, usted vosotros, vosotras, ustedes
3rd Person él, ella ellos, ellas
1st Person = the person who is speaking
2nd Person = the person you are speaking to or listening to
3rd Person = the person you are talking about
An explanation of what each Personal Pronoun is:
Personal
Pronoun Situation
Yo I = it refers to yourself
You = the person you are speaking to - informal (family or friend)
Vos You = you in Argentina
Usted You = the person you are speaking to - formal (respect, older people)
Él He = man or boy (another person)
Ella She = woman or girl (another person)
Nosotros * We = tú + yo OR Usted + yo
Nosotras * We (fem) = tú + yo OR Usted + yo (both are women / girls)
Vosotros You = tú + tú (this is not used much in Latin America)
Vosotras You (fem) = tú + tú (only women - this is not used much in Latin America)
Ellos ** They = él + él OR él + ella
Ellas ** They (fem) = ella + ella (only women or girls)
Ustedes You = Usted + Usted (= tú + tú in Latin America)
* Nosotros vs Nosotras
There are two ways of saying "We" in Spanish depending on who is speaking or in the "group".
If there is at least one man (or boy) in the "group" of people, then "We" will be Nosotros in Spanish.
If there are only women (or girls) in the group, and no men, then "We" will be Nosotras in Spanish.
You (man) + Man = Nosotros (= yo + él)
You (man) + Woman = Nosotros (= yo + ella)
You (woman) + Man = Nosotros (= yo + él)
You (woman) + Woman = Nosotras (= yo + ella)
** Ellos vs Ellas
The same applies to "They" (ellos or ellos). If there is one or more men in the group, then it will be ellos.
If everyone in the group is female, then you would use ellas.
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