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Lecture 14

SPA 101 Lecture Notes - Lecture 14: Preposition And Postposition

Course Code
SPA 101
Anastasia Allan

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When to use Conocer
A) Conocer is used with knowing people or having an acquaintance with them. It means you are familiar
with someone.
Conozco a Juan.
means I know Juan (because I have met him in person).
Note that the preposition 'a' is used when conocer is followed by a person (it's a direct object).
Conocí a mi esposo en una fiesta.
B) Conocer is also for saying you have been to, visited or have knowledge about a place.
Conozco Italia.
means that I know about Italy since I have visited the country.
Diego conoce un buen lugar donde comer en ese pueblo.
Diego knows a good place to eat in that town.
C) Conocer can also mean to meet (for the first time).
Un gusto conocerle. (Nice to meet you)
Yo conocí a Eduardo en la conferencia del año pasado.
D) Conocer can be used in the negative to show that you don't know someone or haven't been somewhere.
Mis padres no conocen a mi amiga.
My parents don't know (haven't met) my friend.
Ella no conoce Londres.
She doesn't know (hasn't been to) London.
When to use Saber
A) Saber is also used when you know facts about certain information.
Ella sabe quién va a ir a la reunión.
She knows who is going to the meeting.
¿Sabes que Angélica tiene dos hijos?
Did you know that Angelica has two sons?
B) You will often see the verb Saber followed by que, qué, quién, dónde, cuándo, cuál, por qué.
No sé qué almorzar hoy.
Juana sabe cuándo viene su suegro.
¿Sabes dónde están mis llaves?
Ella sabe por qué estoy feliz.
Ellos saben cuál ejercicio tienen que hacer.
C) Saber is used with abilities and skills that are learnt like Conducir (to drive), pintar (to paint) etc. To say
you know how to do something, you use Saber + Infinitive.
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